PO-12 - The key role of talin-1 in cancer cell extravasation dissected through human vascularized 3D microfluidic model

M Gilardi, S Bersini, A Boussomier Calleja, Roger D. Kamm, Marco Vanoni, M Moretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Metastases are responsible for more than 90% of cancer related mortality. The hematogenous metastatic invasion is a complex process in which the endothelium plays a key role. Extravasation is a dynamic process involving remodeling and change in cell shape and in cytoskeleton whereby a series of strongly dependent interactions between CTCs and endothelium occurs [1]. Talins are proteins regulating focal adhesions and cytoskeleton remodeling. Talin-1 seems to be involved in the aggressiveness, motility, survival and invadopodia formation of cancer cells throughout the entire metastatic cascade [2], being up-regulated in breast cancer cells and mutated in sarcomas. Understand the implication of talin-1 in extravasation could facilitate the design of new therapies and finally fight cancer.

AIM: We hypothesized that Talin-1 could be specifically involved in extravasation driving each of its steps.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a human 3D microfluidic model that enables the study of human cancer cell extravasation within a perfusable human microvascularized organ specific environment[3]. For the study of extravasation we applied microfluidic approach through the development of a microfluidic device in which endothelial cells and fibroblasts generated a 3D human functional vascular networks. Microvessel characterization was performed with immunofluorescence and permeability assays. We knocked-down talin-1 in triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB231 and metastatic fibro-sarcoma cell line HT1080 with SiRNA and verified by Western-blot. Cancer cells were then perfused in the vessels and extravasation monitored through confocal imaging.

RESULTS: We developed a human vascularized 3D microfluidic device with human perfusable capillary-like structures embedded in fibrin matrix, characterized by mature endothelium markers and physiological permeability (1.5±0.76)×10(-6) cm/s. We focused on the role of Talin-1 in adhesion to endothelium, trans-endothelial migration (TEM) and early invasion. Adhesion to the endothelium, TEM and migration within the ECM were monitored through confocal analyses. We demonstrated that Talin-1 KD significantly reduced the adhesion efficiency and TEM in both cell lines. Early invasion was also strongly and statistically reduced by the SiRNA treatment in both cell lines.

CONCLUSIONS: We proved Talin-1 function in driving the extravasation mechanism in a human 3D vascularized environment. We demonstrated that Talin-1 is involved in each part of extravasation significantly affecting adhesion, TEM and the invasion stages. Targeting this protein could thus be an effective strategy to block metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S180-1
JournalThrombosis Research
Volume140 Suppl 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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Talin
Microfluidics
Endothelium
Lab-On-A-Chip Devices
Neoplasms
Cell Line
Cytoskeleton
Sarcoma
Permeability
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Focal Adhesions
Cell Shape
Protein Transport
Microvessels
Fibrin
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Blood Vessels
Endothelial Cells
Fibroblasts

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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PO-12 - The key role of talin-1 in cancer cell extravasation dissected through human vascularized 3D microfluidic model. / Gilardi, M; Bersini, S; Calleja, A Boussomier; Kamm, Roger D.; Vanoni, Marco; Moretti, M.

In: Thrombosis Research, Vol. 140 Suppl 1, 04.2016, p. S180-1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gilardi, M ; Bersini, S ; Calleja, A Boussomier ; Kamm, Roger D. ; Vanoni, Marco ; Moretti, M. / PO-12 - The key role of talin-1 in cancer cell extravasation dissected through human vascularized 3D microfluidic model. In: Thrombosis Research. 2016 ; Vol. 140 Suppl 1. pp. S180-1.
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Metastases are responsible for more than 90{\%} of cancer related mortality. The hematogenous metastatic invasion is a complex process in which the endothelium plays a key role. Extravasation is a dynamic process involving remodeling and change in cell shape and in cytoskeleton whereby a series of strongly dependent interactions between CTCs and endothelium occurs [1]. Talins are proteins regulating focal adhesions and cytoskeleton remodeling. Talin-1 seems to be involved in the aggressiveness, motility, survival and invadopodia formation of cancer cells throughout the entire metastatic cascade [2], being up-regulated in breast cancer cells and mutated in sarcomas. Understand the implication of talin-1 in extravasation could facilitate the design of new therapies and finally fight cancer.AIM: We hypothesized that Talin-1 could be specifically involved in extravasation driving each of its steps.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a human 3D microfluidic model that enables the study of human cancer cell extravasation within a perfusable human microvascularized organ specific environment[3]. For the study of extravasation we applied microfluidic approach through the development of a microfluidic device in which endothelial cells and fibroblasts generated a 3D human functional vascular networks. Microvessel characterization was performed with immunofluorescence and permeability assays. We knocked-down talin-1 in triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB231 and metastatic fibro-sarcoma cell line HT1080 with SiRNA and verified by Western-blot. Cancer cells were then perfused in the vessels and extravasation monitored through confocal imaging.RESULTS: We developed a human vascularized 3D microfluidic device with human perfusable capillary-like structures embedded in fibrin matrix, characterized by mature endothelium markers and physiological permeability (1.5±0.76)×10(-6) cm/s. We focused on the role of Talin-1 in adhesion to endothelium, trans-endothelial migration (TEM) and early invasion. Adhesion to the endothelium, TEM and migration within the ECM were monitored through confocal analyses. We demonstrated that Talin-1 KD significantly reduced the adhesion efficiency and TEM in both cell lines. Early invasion was also strongly and statistically reduced by the SiRNA treatment in both cell lines.CONCLUSIONS: We proved Talin-1 function in driving the extravasation mechanism in a human 3D vascularized environment. We demonstrated that Talin-1 is involved in each part of extravasation significantly affecting adhesion, TEM and the invasion stages. Targeting this protein could thus be an effective strategy to block metastasis.",
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AU - Gilardi, M

AU - Bersini, S

AU - Calleja, A Boussomier

AU - Kamm, Roger D.

AU - Vanoni, Marco

AU - Moretti, M

N1 - © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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N2 - INTRODUCTION: Metastases are responsible for more than 90% of cancer related mortality. The hematogenous metastatic invasion is a complex process in which the endothelium plays a key role. Extravasation is a dynamic process involving remodeling and change in cell shape and in cytoskeleton whereby a series of strongly dependent interactions between CTCs and endothelium occurs [1]. Talins are proteins regulating focal adhesions and cytoskeleton remodeling. Talin-1 seems to be involved in the aggressiveness, motility, survival and invadopodia formation of cancer cells throughout the entire metastatic cascade [2], being up-regulated in breast cancer cells and mutated in sarcomas. Understand the implication of talin-1 in extravasation could facilitate the design of new therapies and finally fight cancer.AIM: We hypothesized that Talin-1 could be specifically involved in extravasation driving each of its steps.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a human 3D microfluidic model that enables the study of human cancer cell extravasation within a perfusable human microvascularized organ specific environment[3]. For the study of extravasation we applied microfluidic approach through the development of a microfluidic device in which endothelial cells and fibroblasts generated a 3D human functional vascular networks. Microvessel characterization was performed with immunofluorescence and permeability assays. We knocked-down talin-1 in triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB231 and metastatic fibro-sarcoma cell line HT1080 with SiRNA and verified by Western-blot. Cancer cells were then perfused in the vessels and extravasation monitored through confocal imaging.RESULTS: We developed a human vascularized 3D microfluidic device with human perfusable capillary-like structures embedded in fibrin matrix, characterized by mature endothelium markers and physiological permeability (1.5±0.76)×10(-6) cm/s. We focused on the role of Talin-1 in adhesion to endothelium, trans-endothelial migration (TEM) and early invasion. Adhesion to the endothelium, TEM and migration within the ECM were monitored through confocal analyses. We demonstrated that Talin-1 KD significantly reduced the adhesion efficiency and TEM in both cell lines. Early invasion was also strongly and statistically reduced by the SiRNA treatment in both cell lines.CONCLUSIONS: We proved Talin-1 function in driving the extravasation mechanism in a human 3D vascularized environment. We demonstrated that Talin-1 is involved in each part of extravasation significantly affecting adhesion, TEM and the invasion stages. Targeting this protein could thus be an effective strategy to block metastasis.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Metastases are responsible for more than 90% of cancer related mortality. The hematogenous metastatic invasion is a complex process in which the endothelium plays a key role. Extravasation is a dynamic process involving remodeling and change in cell shape and in cytoskeleton whereby a series of strongly dependent interactions between CTCs and endothelium occurs [1]. Talins are proteins regulating focal adhesions and cytoskeleton remodeling. Talin-1 seems to be involved in the aggressiveness, motility, survival and invadopodia formation of cancer cells throughout the entire metastatic cascade [2], being up-regulated in breast cancer cells and mutated in sarcomas. Understand the implication of talin-1 in extravasation could facilitate the design of new therapies and finally fight cancer.AIM: We hypothesized that Talin-1 could be specifically involved in extravasation driving each of its steps.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a human 3D microfluidic model that enables the study of human cancer cell extravasation within a perfusable human microvascularized organ specific environment[3]. For the study of extravasation we applied microfluidic approach through the development of a microfluidic device in which endothelial cells and fibroblasts generated a 3D human functional vascular networks. Microvessel characterization was performed with immunofluorescence and permeability assays. We knocked-down talin-1 in triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB231 and metastatic fibro-sarcoma cell line HT1080 with SiRNA and verified by Western-blot. Cancer cells were then perfused in the vessels and extravasation monitored through confocal imaging.RESULTS: We developed a human vascularized 3D microfluidic device with human perfusable capillary-like structures embedded in fibrin matrix, characterized by mature endothelium markers and physiological permeability (1.5±0.76)×10(-6) cm/s. We focused on the role of Talin-1 in adhesion to endothelium, trans-endothelial migration (TEM) and early invasion. Adhesion to the endothelium, TEM and migration within the ECM were monitored through confocal analyses. We demonstrated that Talin-1 KD significantly reduced the adhesion efficiency and TEM in both cell lines. Early invasion was also strongly and statistically reduced by the SiRNA treatment in both cell lines.CONCLUSIONS: We proved Talin-1 function in driving the extravasation mechanism in a human 3D vascularized environment. We demonstrated that Talin-1 is involved in each part of extravasation significantly affecting adhesion, TEM and the invasion stages. Targeting this protein could thus be an effective strategy to block metastasis.

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