Podoplanin expression in tumor-free resection margins of oral squamous cell carcinomas: An immunohistochemical and fractal analysis study

C. Margaritescu, M. Raica, D. Pirici, C. Simionescu, L. Mogoanta, A. C. Stinga, A. S. Stinga, D. Ribatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Podoplanin is involved in tumorigenesis and cancer progression in head and neck malignancies and its expression is not restricted to lymphatic vessel endothelium. The aim of this study was to establish podoplanin expression in the tumor-free resection margins of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) and to evaluate the geometric complexity of the lymphatic vessels in oral mucosa by utilizing fractal analysis. As concerns the podoplanin expression in noncancerous tissue, forty tumor-free resection margins from OSCCs were investigated utilizing immunohistochemistry for D2-40 antibody and image densitometry analysis. Podoplanin expression wasextremely low in basal cells, especially in resection margins of OSCCs developed in the lower lip regions. However, a highly variable D2-40 expression in tumorfree resection margins associated with hyperplastic or dysplastic lesions was identified. Moreover, podoplanin expression also extended to the basal layer of the lowerlip skin appendages, the myoepithelial cells of acini and ducts of minor salivary glands, and other structures fromthe oral cavity. As concerns the study of the density and complexity of oral lymphatic vessels architecture by means ofimmunohistochemistry (D2-40, CD31 and Ki-67antibodies) and fractal analysis, we demonstrated that innormal oral mucosa the geometry of the lymphatic vessels was less complex at the level of the lower lip compared to the anterior part of the oral floor mucosa orthe tongue. A comparative analysis between the normal and pathological aspects revealed statistically significant differences between the fractal dimension (FD) of the vessels' outline, especially in the tongue. Fractalanalysis proved an increasing lymphatic networkcomplexity from normal to premalignant oral mucosallesions, providing additional prognostic information inoral malignant tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-711
Number of pages11
JournalHistology and Histopathology
Volume25
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Fractal analysis
  • Lymphatic vessel
  • Oral mucosa
  • Podoplanin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Histology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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