Podosomes as smart regulators of cellular adhesion

Laura Spinardi, Pier Carlo Marchisio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Podosomes are punctate adhesion structures first described in osteoclasts and next found in src-transformed cells of mesenchymal origin. Podosomes were never observed in cultured epithelial cells where cell-matrix adhesion structures were represented only by focal contacts and hemidesmosomes interacting with microfilaments and intermediate filaments, respectively. Rat bladder carcinoma cells and normal human keratinocytes showed that hemidesmosome-like structures are organized around a core of actin filaments that appears early during cell adhesion and looks similar to those of podosomes described in cells of mesenchymal origin. The epithelial podosome-like structures specifically contain Arp2/3 complex, cortactin, dynamin, gelsolin, N-WASP, VASP, Grb2 and src-like kinase(s). The integrin α3β1 is localized circularly around F-actin cores and co-distributes with paxillin, vinculin and zyxin. The maintenance of the F-actin core and the surrounding hemidesmosomes depends on actin polymerization, src family kinases and Grb2, but not on microtubular integrity. Thus, podosomes are not unique to cells of mesenchymal origin, but also appear in epithelial cells where they may take part in regulating basement membrane adhesion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-194
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Cell Biology
Volume85
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 7 2006

Keywords

  • Basement membrane
  • Epithelial adhesion
  • Hemidesmosome
  • Integrins
  • Motility
  • Podosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Cell Biology

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