The accumulation of multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions in stable tissues is a distinctive feature of several autosomal disorders, characterized by Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia (PEO), ptosis, and proximal myopathy. At least three nuclear genes are responsible for these disorders: ANT1 and C10orf2 cause autosomal dominant PEO, while mutations of DNA polymerase γA (POLG1 or POLG) gene on chromosome 15q25 causes both autosomal dominant and recessive forms of PEO. To investigate the contribution of these genes to the sporadic cases of PEO with multiple mtDNA deletions, we studied 31 mitochondrial myopathy patients without any family history for the disorder: 23 had PEO with myopathy, with or without the additional features of pigmentary retinopathy, ataxia, neurosensorial hypoacusia and diabetes mellitus, 7 presented isolated myopathy and one a peripheral neuropathy with ptosis. In all patients Southern blot of muscle DNA showed multiple mtDNA deletions; screening for ANT1 and C10ORF2 genes was negative. POLG analysis revealed mutations in eight patients; in six of them the mutations were allelic, while two patients were heterozygous. Five mutations were new, namely one stop codon (c.2407C>T / p.R709X) and four missense mutations (c.1085G>C / p.G268A; c.1967G>A / p.R562Q; c.2702G>C / p.R807P; c.3076C>T / p.H932W). A high degree of conservation was observed for all the new missense mutations. Only patients presenting PEO as part of their clinical phenotype had POLG mutations, in seven of them together with myopathic signs and in one with a sensori-motor peripheral neuropathy.
- DNA polymerase gamma-A
- Mitochondrial DNA
- Progressive external ophthalmoplegia
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