POLG1-related epilepsy: Review of diagnostic and therapeutic findings

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The clinical spectrum associated with POLG1 gene mutations ranges from non-syndromic epilepsy or mild isolated neurological signs to neurodegenerative disorders. Our aim was to review diagnostic findings, therapeutic approaches and outcomes of reported cases of epilepsy related to POLG1 mutation. Methods: The articles for review were identified through a systematic research on PubMed and EMBASE databases from January 2003 to April 2020, searching for the terms “Epilepsy AND POLG OR polymerase gamma, " OR “POLG1". Results: Forty-eight articles were selected for review, which included 195 patients. Two main peaks of age at epilepsy onset were found: at ages 1 and 13 years. The most frequent seizure type was myoclonic. The occurrence of Status Epilepticus was reported in 46.4% of cases. Epileptiform and slow abnormalities were most frequently seen over occipital regions. Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) revealed increased T2 signal intensities in thalamic regions. Genetic analysis revealed a prevalence of A467T, W748S and G848S (74.2% of patients) mutations. Survival at 5 years was estimated at very low levels (30.2% of patients). Conclusion: In this review, we included cases with both pediatric and adult epilepsy onset. The analysis of data regarding prognosis showed that survival is related to age at onset of epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number768
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • DNA polymerase gamma
  • Epilepsy
  • Genetic findings
  • Mitochondrial diseases
  • Neurophysiologic findings
  • POLG1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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