Poliovirus morphogenesis. I. Identification of 80S dissociable particles and evidence for the artifactual production of procapsids

M. E. Marongiu, A. Pani, M. V. Corrias, M. Sau, P. La Colla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current model of poliovirus morphogenesis postulates a fundamental role for procapsid, 80S shells that, upon interaction with viral RNA and subsequent proteolytic cleavage, give rise to complete virus particles. Although 80S sedimenting particles can, indeed, be isolated from cytoplasmic extracts of infected cells, their physical properties differ from those reported for procapsids. Far from being stable structures, they can be dissociated by pH 8.5 and 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate into slower-sedimenting subunits. The reasons for this discrepancy were investigated, and two main modalities leading to the appearance of procapsids in vitro were identified. The first involves a temperature-mediated conversion of dissociable 80S particles into stable 80S procapsids, and the second involves the self-assembly of endogenous 14S subunits, also primed by an increase in the temperature of cytoplasmic extracts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-347
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume39
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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