Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 protein expression in normal and neoplastic prostatic tissue.

M. Salemi, A. Galia, F. Fraggetta, C. La Corte, P. Pepe, S. La Vignera, G. Improta, P. Bosco, A. E. Calogero

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Abstract

A genetic background has been implicated in the development of prostate cancer. Protein microarrays have enabled the identification of proteins, some of which associated with apoptosis, that may play a role in the development of such a tumor. Inhibition of apoptosis is a co-factor that contributes to the onset and progression of prostate cancer, though the molecular mechanisms are not entirely understood. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) gene is required for translocation of the apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) from the mitochondria to the nucleus. Hence, it is involved in programmed cell death. Different PARP-1 gene expression has been observed in various tumors such as glioblastoma, lung, ovarian, endometrial, and skin cancers. We evaluated the expression of PARP-1 protein in prostatic cancer and normal prostate tissues by immunohistochemistry in 40 men with prostate cancer and in 37 normal men. Positive nuclear PARP-1 staining was found in all samples (normal prostate and prostate cancer tissues). No cytoplasmic staining was observed in any sample. PARP-1-positive cells resulted significantly higher in patients with prostate carcinoma compared with controls (P<0.001). PARP-1 over-expression in prostate cancer tissue compared with normal prostate suggests a greater activity of PARP-1 in these tumors. These findings suggest that PARP-1 expression in prostate cancer is an attempt to trigger apoptosis in this type of tumor similarly to what reported in other cancers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean journal of histochemistry : EJH
Volume57
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Salemi, M., Galia, A., Fraggetta, F., La Corte, C., Pepe, P., La Vignera, S., Improta, G., Bosco, P., & Calogero, A. E. (2013). Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 protein expression in normal and neoplastic prostatic tissue. European journal of histochemistry : EJH, 57(2).