Polycomb complexes act redundantly to repress genomic repeats and genes

Martin Leeb, Diego Pasini, Maria Novatchkova, Markus Jaritz, Kristian Helin, Anton Wutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Polycomb complexes establish chromatin modifications for maintaining gene repression and are essential for embryonic development in mice. Here we use pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells to demonstrate an unexpected redundancy between Polycomb-repressive complex 1 (PRC1) and PRC2 during the formation of differentiated cells. ES cells lacking the function of either PRC1 or PRC2 can differentiate into cells of the three germ layers, whereas simultaneous loss of PRC1 and PRC2 abrogates differentiation. On the molecular level, the differentiation defect is caused by the derepression of a set of genes that is redundantly repressed by PRC1 and PRC2 in ES cells. Furthermore, we find that genomic repeats are Polycomb targets and show that, in the absence of Polycomb complexes, endogenous murine leukemia virus elements can mobilize. This indicates a contribution of the Polycomb group system to the defense against parasitic DNA, and a potential role of genomic repeats in Polycomb-mediated gene regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-276
Number of pages12
JournalGenes and Development
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2010

Keywords

  • Chromatin
  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Histone modification
  • Polycomb
  • Retrovirus
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology

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