Polylactide bioabsorbable polymers for guided tissue regeneration

Roberto Giardino, Milena Fini, Nicoló Nicoli Aldini, Gianluca Giavaresi, Michele Rocca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Guided tissue regeneration is a procedure to improve tissue repair, which creates an optimal environment for the intrinsic growth ability of tissues. Methods: A prerequisite for guided tissue regeneration is the availability of materials with suitable physicochemical and biocompatibility properties for the preparation of the devices. We investigated bone and peripheral nerve guided tissue regeneration, making two conduits from poly[L- lactide-co-6-caprolactone] (PLLC - peripheral nerve) and with poly [DL- lactide] (PDLLA - bone) with different features. After the polymer synthesis and chemical characterization, the conduits were evaluated in vivo in rat sciatic nerve gaps and in rabbit radius defects. Results: The results demonstrated good biocompatibility of both polymeric conduits. A good-axonal regeneration and the restoration of the nerve trunk continuity, similar to that observed with autologous grafts has been obtained with PLLC conduits, that slowly degrade in about 6 months. PDLLA conduits protected the bone defect against the invasion of surrounding soft tissues; an effective bone growth bridging the defect was observed in their lumen. Conclusion: These results confirm the versatility of polylactides as biomaterials and will encourage further investigations on hard and soft tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-308
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of trauma
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1999

Keywords

  • Bone defect
  • Guided tissue regeneration
  • Peripheral nerve
  • Polylactides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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