Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion

Juan Montoro, Juan Carlos Hernández-Boluda, Cristina Arbona, Carlos Solano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a common long-term complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), and is responsible for morbidity, mortality and a decrease in quality of life of patients after SCT. Polymyositis, which usually cooccurs with other manifestations of GVHD, has previously been reported. However, polymyositis as the sole manifestation of chronic GVHD following donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is rare. We report a 30-year-old man with Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed acute polymyositis following treatment by DLI 4 months post-allogeneic HSCT. The patient developed fever and generalized myalgia 22 days after a single dose of DLI. Laboratory testing showed elevated muscle enzymes and myopathic abnormalities on electromyographic examination. Muscle biopsy showed features of acute polymyositis, with widespread foci of muscle fiber necrosis associated with infiltration of small mononuclear cells. Twenty-four hours after diagnosis, the patient developed a fatal ventricular arrhythmia. Cardiac involvement may occur in association with polymyositis, but usually occurs in elderly patients after several months of illness. The present case highlights the importance of systematic cardiac evaluation when a diagnosis of polymyositis is initially made to exclude this infrequent presentation of chronic GVHD characteristically associated with some HLA-DR haplotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-389
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Hematology
Volume96
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

Polymyositis
Tissue Donors
Graft vs Host Disease
Lymphocytes
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Muscles
Myalgia
HLA-DR Antigens
Hodgkin Disease
Haplotypes
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Fever
Necrosis
Quality of Life
Morbidity
Biopsy
Mortality
Enzymes

Keywords

  • Donor lymphocyte infusion
  • Graft-versus-host disease
  • Polymyositis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Montoro, J., Hernández-Boluda, J. C., Arbona, C., & Solano, C. (2012). Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion. International Journal of Hematology, 96(3), 386-389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12185-012-1144-4

Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion. / Montoro, Juan; Hernández-Boluda, Juan Carlos; Arbona, Cristina; Solano, Carlos.

In: International Journal of Hematology, Vol. 96, No. 3, 09.2012, p. 386-389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Montoro, J, Hernández-Boluda, JC, Arbona, C & Solano, C 2012, 'Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion', International Journal of Hematology, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 386-389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12185-012-1144-4
Montoro J, Hernández-Boluda JC, Arbona C, Solano C. Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion. International Journal of Hematology. 2012 Sep;96(3):386-389. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12185-012-1144-4
Montoro, Juan ; Hernández-Boluda, Juan Carlos ; Arbona, Cristina ; Solano, Carlos. / Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion. In: International Journal of Hematology. 2012 ; Vol. 96, No. 3. pp. 386-389.
@article{cf67cb21e72d4cf081b642f63c4c06ea,
title = "Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion",
abstract = "Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a common long-term complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), and is responsible for morbidity, mortality and a decrease in quality of life of patients after SCT. Polymyositis, which usually cooccurs with other manifestations of GVHD, has previously been reported. However, polymyositis as the sole manifestation of chronic GVHD following donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is rare. We report a 30-year-old man with Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed acute polymyositis following treatment by DLI 4 months post-allogeneic HSCT. The patient developed fever and generalized myalgia 22 days after a single dose of DLI. Laboratory testing showed elevated muscle enzymes and myopathic abnormalities on electromyographic examination. Muscle biopsy showed features of acute polymyositis, with widespread foci of muscle fiber necrosis associated with infiltration of small mononuclear cells. Twenty-four hours after diagnosis, the patient developed a fatal ventricular arrhythmia. Cardiac involvement may occur in association with polymyositis, but usually occurs in elderly patients after several months of illness. The present case highlights the importance of systematic cardiac evaluation when a diagnosis of polymyositis is initially made to exclude this infrequent presentation of chronic GVHD characteristically associated with some HLA-DR haplotypes.",
keywords = "Donor lymphocyte infusion, Graft-versus-host disease, Polymyositis",
author = "Juan Montoro and Hern{\'a}ndez-Boluda, {Juan Carlos} and Cristina Arbona and Carlos Solano",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1007/s12185-012-1144-4",
language = "English",
volume = "96",
pages = "386--389",
journal = "International Journal of Hematology",
issn = "0925-5710",
publisher = "Springer Japan",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polymyositis after donor lymphocyte infusion

AU - Montoro, Juan

AU - Hernández-Boluda, Juan Carlos

AU - Arbona, Cristina

AU - Solano, Carlos

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a common long-term complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), and is responsible for morbidity, mortality and a decrease in quality of life of patients after SCT. Polymyositis, which usually cooccurs with other manifestations of GVHD, has previously been reported. However, polymyositis as the sole manifestation of chronic GVHD following donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is rare. We report a 30-year-old man with Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed acute polymyositis following treatment by DLI 4 months post-allogeneic HSCT. The patient developed fever and generalized myalgia 22 days after a single dose of DLI. Laboratory testing showed elevated muscle enzymes and myopathic abnormalities on electromyographic examination. Muscle biopsy showed features of acute polymyositis, with widespread foci of muscle fiber necrosis associated with infiltration of small mononuclear cells. Twenty-four hours after diagnosis, the patient developed a fatal ventricular arrhythmia. Cardiac involvement may occur in association with polymyositis, but usually occurs in elderly patients after several months of illness. The present case highlights the importance of systematic cardiac evaluation when a diagnosis of polymyositis is initially made to exclude this infrequent presentation of chronic GVHD characteristically associated with some HLA-DR haplotypes.

AB - Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a common long-term complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), and is responsible for morbidity, mortality and a decrease in quality of life of patients after SCT. Polymyositis, which usually cooccurs with other manifestations of GVHD, has previously been reported. However, polymyositis as the sole manifestation of chronic GVHD following donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is rare. We report a 30-year-old man with Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed acute polymyositis following treatment by DLI 4 months post-allogeneic HSCT. The patient developed fever and generalized myalgia 22 days after a single dose of DLI. Laboratory testing showed elevated muscle enzymes and myopathic abnormalities on electromyographic examination. Muscle biopsy showed features of acute polymyositis, with widespread foci of muscle fiber necrosis associated with infiltration of small mononuclear cells. Twenty-four hours after diagnosis, the patient developed a fatal ventricular arrhythmia. Cardiac involvement may occur in association with polymyositis, but usually occurs in elderly patients after several months of illness. The present case highlights the importance of systematic cardiac evaluation when a diagnosis of polymyositis is initially made to exclude this infrequent presentation of chronic GVHD characteristically associated with some HLA-DR haplotypes.

KW - Donor lymphocyte infusion

KW - Graft-versus-host disease

KW - Polymyositis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84866994065&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84866994065&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12185-012-1144-4

DO - 10.1007/s12185-012-1144-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 22903864

AN - SCOPUS:84866994065

VL - 96

SP - 386

EP - 389

JO - International Journal of Hematology

JF - International Journal of Hematology

SN - 0925-5710

IS - 3

ER -