Polyphenol effects on splenic cytokine response in post-weaning contactin 1-overexpressing transgenic mice

Thea Magrone, Anna Spagnoletta, Antonella Bizzoca, Matteo Antonio Russo, Emilio Jirillo, Gianfranco Gennarini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In mice, postnatal immune development has previously been investigated, and evidence of a delayed maturation of the adaptive immune response has been detected. Methods: In this study, the effects of red grape polyphenol oral administration on the murine immune response were explored using pregnant mice (TAG/F3 transgenic and wild type (wt) mice) as the animal model. The study was performed during pregnancy as well as during lactation until postnatal day 8. Suckling pups from polyphenol-administered dams as well as day 30 post-weaning pups (dietary-administered with polyphenols) were used. Polyphenol effects were evaluated, measuring splenic cytokine secretion. Results: Phorbol myristate acetate-activated splenocytes underwent the highest cytokine production at day 30 in both wt and TAG/F3 mice. In the latter, release of interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was found to be higher than in the wt counterpart. In this context, polyphenols exerted modulating activities on day 30 TAG/F3 mice, inducing release of interleukin (IL)-10 in hetero mice while abrogating release of IL-2, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-4 in homo and hetero mice. Conclusion: Polyphenols are able to prevent the development of an inflammatory/allergic profile in postnatal TAG/F3 mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2205
JournalMolecules
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 12 2019

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Keywords

  • Cellular and molecular rehabilitation
  • Contactins
  • Cytokine
  • Neonatal immunity
  • Polyphenols
  • Splenocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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