Polysaccharides from the Marine Environment with Pharmacological, Cosmeceutical and Nutraceutical Potential

Nadia Ruocco, Susan Costantini, Stefano Guariniello, Maria Costantini

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Carbohydrates, also called saccharides, are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are the most abundant biomolecules and essential components of many natural products and have attracted the attention of researchers because of their numerous human health benefits. Among carbohydrates the polysaccharides represent some of the most abundant bioactive substances in marine organisms. In fact, many marine macro- and microorganisms are good resources of carbohydrates with diverse applications due to their biofunctional properties. By acting on cell proliferation and cycle, and by modulating different metabolic pathways, marine polysaccharides (including mainly chitin, chitosan, fucoidan, carrageenan and alginate) also have numerous pharmaceutical activities, such as antioxidative, antibacterial, antiviral, immuno-stimulatory, anticoagulant and anticancer effects. Moreover, these polysaccharides have many general beneficial effects for human health, and have therefore been developed into potential cosmeceuticals and nutraceuticals. In this review we describe current advances in the development of marine polysaccharides for nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and pharmacological applications. Research in this field is opening new doors for harnessing the potential of marine natural products.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecules
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 27 2016

Fingerprint

Dietary Supplements
Polysaccharides
Pharmacology
Carbohydrates
Biological Products
Health
Aquatic Organisms
Chitin
Carrageenan
Cell proliferation
Chitosan
Biomolecules
Insurance Benefits
Metabolic Networks and Pathways
Microorganisms
Anticoagulants
Antiviral Agents
Macros
Hydrogen
Cell Cycle

Keywords

  • cosmeceutics
  • marine polysaccharides
  • nutraceutics
  • pharmaceutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Polysaccharides from the Marine Environment with Pharmacological, Cosmeceutical and Nutraceutical Potential. / Ruocco, Nadia; Costantini, Susan; Guariniello, Stefano; Costantini, Maria.

In: Molecules, Vol. 21, No. 5, 27.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{69fd699fe65d4f05a77f053067d2e555,
title = "Polysaccharides from the Marine Environment with Pharmacological, Cosmeceutical and Nutraceutical Potential",
abstract = "Carbohydrates, also called saccharides, are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are the most abundant biomolecules and essential components of many natural products and have attracted the attention of researchers because of their numerous human health benefits. Among carbohydrates the polysaccharides represent some of the most abundant bioactive substances in marine organisms. In fact, many marine macro- and microorganisms are good resources of carbohydrates with diverse applications due to their biofunctional properties. By acting on cell proliferation and cycle, and by modulating different metabolic pathways, marine polysaccharides (including mainly chitin, chitosan, fucoidan, carrageenan and alginate) also have numerous pharmaceutical activities, such as antioxidative, antibacterial, antiviral, immuno-stimulatory, anticoagulant and anticancer effects. Moreover, these polysaccharides have many general beneficial effects for human health, and have therefore been developed into potential cosmeceuticals and nutraceuticals. In this review we describe current advances in the development of marine polysaccharides for nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and pharmacological applications. Research in this field is opening new doors for harnessing the potential of marine natural products.",
keywords = "cosmeceutics, marine polysaccharides, nutraceutics, pharmaceutics",
author = "Nadia Ruocco and Susan Costantini and Stefano Guariniello and Maria Costantini",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "27",
doi = "10.3390/molecules21050551",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
journal = "Molecules",
issn = "1420-3049",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polysaccharides from the Marine Environment with Pharmacological, Cosmeceutical and Nutraceutical Potential

AU - Ruocco, Nadia

AU - Costantini, Susan

AU - Guariniello, Stefano

AU - Costantini, Maria

PY - 2016/4/27

Y1 - 2016/4/27

N2 - Carbohydrates, also called saccharides, are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are the most abundant biomolecules and essential components of many natural products and have attracted the attention of researchers because of their numerous human health benefits. Among carbohydrates the polysaccharides represent some of the most abundant bioactive substances in marine organisms. In fact, many marine macro- and microorganisms are good resources of carbohydrates with diverse applications due to their biofunctional properties. By acting on cell proliferation and cycle, and by modulating different metabolic pathways, marine polysaccharides (including mainly chitin, chitosan, fucoidan, carrageenan and alginate) also have numerous pharmaceutical activities, such as antioxidative, antibacterial, antiviral, immuno-stimulatory, anticoagulant and anticancer effects. Moreover, these polysaccharides have many general beneficial effects for human health, and have therefore been developed into potential cosmeceuticals and nutraceuticals. In this review we describe current advances in the development of marine polysaccharides for nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and pharmacological applications. Research in this field is opening new doors for harnessing the potential of marine natural products.

AB - Carbohydrates, also called saccharides, are molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They are the most abundant biomolecules and essential components of many natural products and have attracted the attention of researchers because of their numerous human health benefits. Among carbohydrates the polysaccharides represent some of the most abundant bioactive substances in marine organisms. In fact, many marine macro- and microorganisms are good resources of carbohydrates with diverse applications due to their biofunctional properties. By acting on cell proliferation and cycle, and by modulating different metabolic pathways, marine polysaccharides (including mainly chitin, chitosan, fucoidan, carrageenan and alginate) also have numerous pharmaceutical activities, such as antioxidative, antibacterial, antiviral, immuno-stimulatory, anticoagulant and anticancer effects. Moreover, these polysaccharides have many general beneficial effects for human health, and have therefore been developed into potential cosmeceuticals and nutraceuticals. In this review we describe current advances in the development of marine polysaccharides for nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and pharmacological applications. Research in this field is opening new doors for harnessing the potential of marine natural products.

KW - cosmeceutics

KW - marine polysaccharides

KW - nutraceutics

KW - pharmaceutics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015105092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85015105092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/molecules21050551

DO - 10.3390/molecules21050551

M3 - Review article

VL - 21

JO - Molecules

JF - Molecules

SN - 1420-3049

IS - 5

ER -