ABSTRACT: Respiratory disorders may follow brain injury and may also occur because of comorbidities and drug use, especially central depressants or muscle relaxants. Sleep can precipitate respiratory disorders, thus polysomnography can be a powerful diagnostic tool. By revealing breathing patterns that identify specific sleep disorders, polysomnography may unmask adverse pharmacological effects, for instance connecting central depressant drugs with central sleep apneas. We describe the case of a pediatric patient in rehabilitation from brain injury who developed a central sleep apnea following a baclofen dose increase within the therapeutic range, while assuming an under-dosed benzodiazepine. Polysomnography identified a typical respiration pattern, previously observed in adults treated with baclofen and other central depressants. Baclofen tapering resolved the central sleep apnea. Polysomnography, and this specific pattern, may be proposed as diagnostic tools in patients with high dose baclofen that can be used to prevent potential respiratory disorders in children.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 15 2019|
- sleep-disordered breathing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Clinical Neurology