Pulmonary adenoma susceptibility 1 (Pas1), the major locus affecting inherited predisposition to lung tumor development in mice, maps near the Kras2 gene. We previously reported a significant association between a KRAS2/RsaI polymorphism and the risk and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma (ADCA) in the Italian population. In the present case-control study, we examined 269 lung ADCA patients, 121 squamous cell lung carcinoma patients, and 632 healthy individuals (general population controls) in the Japanese population with genetic markers spanning ~1200 kb in the KRAS2 region. Allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization revealed the same KRAS2/RsaI polymorphism associated with risk and prognosis as in Italian lung ADCA patients; the polymorphism was significantly associated with clinical stage (P 0.001) and survival rate (log rank = 0.0014), confirming the mapping of PAS1 and pointing to the role of this locus in human lung cancer.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 15 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research