Liver and kidney are strictly connected in a reciprocal manner, in both the physiological and pathological condition. The Italian Association for the Study of Liver, in collaboration with the Italian Society of Nephrology, with this position paper aims to provide an up-to-date overview on the principal relationships between these two important organs. A panel of well-recognized international expert hepatologists and nephrologists identified five relevant topics: 1) The diagnosis of kidney damage in patients with chronic liver disease; 2) Acute kidney injury in liver cirrhosis; 3) Association between chronic liver disease and chronic kidney disease; 4) Kidney damage according to different etiology of liver disease; 5) Polycystic kidney and liver disease. The discussion process started with a review of the literature relating to each of the five major topics and clinical questions and related statements were subsequently formulated. The quality of evidence and strength of recommendations were graded according to the GRADE system. The statements presented here highlight the importance of strong collaboration between hepatologists and nephrologists for the management of critically ill patients, such as those with combined liver and kidney impairment.
- Acute kidney injury
- Chronic kidney disease
- Chronic liver disease
- Polycystic kidney and liver disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas