Positional cloning of the fanconi anaemia group A gene

Sinoula Apostolou, Scott A. Whitmore, Joanna Crawford, Gregory Lennon, Grant R. Sutherland, David F. Callen, Leonarda Ianzano, Maria Savino, Maria D'apolito, Angelo Notarangelo, Elena Memeo, Maria Rosaria Piemontese, Leopoldo Zelante, Anna Savoia, Rachel A. Gibson, Alex J. Tipping, Neil V. Morgan, Sheila Hassock, Stander Jansen, Thorny J. de RavelCarola Van Berkel, Jan C. Pronk, Douglas F. Easton, Christopher G. Mathew, Orna Levran, Peter C. Verlander, Sat Dev Batish, Tamar Erlich, Arleen D. Auerbach, Anne Marie Cleton-Fansen, Elna W. Moerland, Cees J. Cornelisse, Norman A. Doggett, Larry L. Deaven, Robert K. Moyzis, The Fanconi anaemia/Breast cancer consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Abstract

Fanconi anaemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with progressive bone-marrow failure, a variety of congenital abnormalities, and predisposition to acute myeloid leukaemia1. Cells from FA patients show increased sensitivity to bifunctional DNA crosslinking agents such as diepoxybutane and mitomycin C, with charac-teristic chromosome breakage2. FA is genetically heterogeneous, at least five different complementation groups (FA-A to FA-E) having been described3,4. The gene for group C (FAC) was cloned by functional complementation and mapped to chromosome 9q22.3 (refs 3,5), but the genes for the other complementation groups have not yet been identified. The group A gene [FAA) has recently been mapped to chromosome 16q24.3 by linkage analysis6, and accounts for 60-65% of FA cases7,8. We narrowed the candidate region by linkage and allelic association analysis, and have isolated a gene that is mutated in FA-A patients. The gene encodes a protein of 1,455 amino acids that has no significant homology to any other known proteins, and may therefore represent a new class of genes associated with the prevention or repair of DNA damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-328
Number of pages5
JournalNature Genetics
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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