The clinical effects of CV 205-502, a potent and non-ergot-derived dopamine agonist, were investigated in 24 selected patients with hyperprolactinemia previously treated with standard oral bromocriptine, the slow-release oral form of bromocriptine (BRC-SRO) and/or the long-acting injectable form of bromocriptine (BRC-LAR); 14 were chosen because of their resistance to treatment and ten because they were intolerant of the different forms of bromocriptine. A macroprolactinoma was present in seven patients and a microprolactinoma in ten, whereas seven had no radiological images of a pituitary tumor and were classified as having non-tumoral hyperprolactinemia. All the 24 patients were treated with CV 205-502 at a daily doseof 0.075-0.6 mg for 3-12 months. All the patients had gonadal dysfunction and galactorrhea. Basal serum prolactin values ranged from 70 to 1677 ng/ml. CV 205-502 was effective in 11 of the 14 patients resistant bromocriptine, BRC-SRO and BRC-LAR; serum prolactin levels became normal within 6 months and a tumor shrinkage was obtained in five of the seven macroprolac-tinomas. In general, the drug was effective and well tolerated. Only three patients (two resistant and one intolerant) manifested nausea, vomiting and postural hypotension. In conclusion, this study shows that CV 205-502 is effective in bromocriptine-resistant hyperprolactinemic patients. Furthermore, CV 205-502 has insignificant and tolerable side-effects in patients intolerant of bromocriptine. CV 205-502 can, therefore, be considered a useful and effective drug, and an interesting therapeutic alternative to the ergot-derived dopamine-agonist drugs in use today.
- CV 205-502
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology