AIM: Positron Emission Tomography with Computed Tomography (PET/CT) has been proven to be useful in the definition of Radiotherapy (RT) target volume. In this regard, the present expert review summarizes existing data for pancreas, prostate, gynecological and rectum/anal cancer.
METHODS: A comprehensive search of published original article was made, based on SCOPUS and PubMed database, selecting the paper that evaluated the role of PET/CT in the definition of RT volume.
RESULTS: FDG-PET has an important and promising role for pancreatic cancer. Choline PET/CT could be useful for identifying high-risk volumes for prostate cancer; while PSMA PET/CT is still under evaluation. FDG PET/CT in gynecological cancers has been shown to impact external-beam RT planning. The role of FDG-PET for Gross Tumor volume identification is crucial, representing a useful and powerful tool for anal and rectal cancer.
CONCLUSION: Taken together, molecular and functional imaging approaches offer a major step to individualize radiotherapeutic approach.
- Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods
- Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
- Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods
- Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods
- Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/methods