Positron emission tomography/computed tomography and esophageal cancer in the clinical practice: How does it affect the prognosis?

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Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in staging of esophageal cancer and to evaluate the prognostic role of metabolic parameters before and after neo-adjuvant treatment. Settings and Design: Mono-institutional retrospective study. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 29 patients who underwent PET/CT at initial staging and after neo-adjuvant therapy. Metabolic parameters were calculated: mean, average, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG). Diagnostic advantages of PET/CT over conventional imaging (CI) were determined. The relationships between baseline and after-therapy SUVmax and TLG, change in SUV and TLG (reported as ) for the primary tumor and prognosis were assessed. Statistical Analysis Used: Non-parametric statistic (e.g. Wilcoxon test and chi-square test). Results: Twenty-nine patients were eligible for the initial staging. Thirteen patients were incorrectly staged based on CI; PET/CT was able to identify distant lymph nodes in seven patients (59%) and distant metastases in four (31%). The median SUVmax before and after neoadjuvant therapy was 10.38 and 3.53 (P = 0.0005), respectively. Only few semi-quantitative parameters obtained by PET/CT after neoadjuvant therapy seemed to have a prognostic value. TLG and TLG were significantly different between disease-free and died patients (0.49 versus 15.51 and 100% versus 94%, respectively; all P =

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-625
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Esophageal cancer
  • neoadjuvant therapy
  • positron emission tomography
  • staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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