Brefeldin A (BFA), a fungal metabolite that inhibits membrane transport, potently stimulates an endogenous ADP-ribosylation reaction that selectively modifies two cytosolic proteins of 38 and 50 kDa on an amino acid residue different from those used by all known mADPRTs. The 38-kDa substrate was identified as the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), whereas the 50-kDa substrate (BARS-50) was characterized as a novel guanine nucleotide binding protein. Thus, BARS-50 is able to bind GTP and its ADP-ribosylation is inhibited by the βγ subunit of GTP-binding (G) proteins. Moreover, BARS-50 was demonstrated to be a group of closely related proteins that appear to be different from all the known G proteins. A partially purified BARS-50 was obtained from rat brain cytosol, which was then used for microsequencing and in functional studies. A similar procedure led to the purification of native (non-ADP-ribosylated) BARS-50. The possible role of the BFA-dependent ADP-ribosylation and of BARS-50 in the maintenance of Golgi structure and function was addressed by examining which of the effects of BFA may be modified by inhibiting this reaction. We find that the BFA-dependent transformation of the Golgi stacks into a tubular reticular network is prevented when the BFA-dependent ADP-ribosylation activity was blocked by specific inhibitors thus indicating that BFA-dependent ADP- ribosylation of cytosolic proteins participate in the dynamic regulation of intracellular transport.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)