PURPOSE: Health systems are using ever-increasing resources on treating hip fractures. Optimal post-hospital care needs to be defined to design an effective care pathway. The aim of the present study was to describe the post-hospital care pathway of individuals with hip fracture and to assess its association with the degree of recovery of independence achieved four months after surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prognostic multicentric cohort study was conducted. All patients aged 65 years and over who were admitted with a diagnosis of fragility hip fracture were enrolled. After the hospital discharge, the patients were followed either at an inpatient rehabilitation facility with an intensive or extensive regimen, a nursing home, a long-term care facility or at home. Among the various care pathways, the intensity of rehabilitation differed according to its duration, frequency of sessions, and activities proposed. Primary outcome was the patient's degree of independence achieved four months after surgery, as measured with Activities of Daily Living scale. Several covariates were collected to test the correlation between the different post-hospital care pathways and the recovery of independence.
RESULTS: A total of 923 patients completed the follow-up. A post- hospital rehabilitation pathway was indicated for 88.2% of the patients. The extensive rehabilitation pathway, indicated for 36.7% of the patients, was the most common. The intensive rehabilitation pathway gave better results in terms of independence at four-month follow up, leading to a median ADL score of 1.4 (95% CI 1.0-2.0). The other care pathways did not show significant difference between each other.
CONCLUSIONS: High-intensity rehabilitation was associated to better results in terms of recovering of Activities of Daily Living.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPost-hospital care pathways that include an intensive rehabilitation treatment should be improved/supported to make them available to a larger number of hip fracture patients.Patient selection criteria for post-hospital rehabilitation pathways should be standardized to optimize available healthcare resources.A cost-effectiveness analysis should be performed to analyze the economic sustainability of each post-hospital care pathway.
- Hip fracture
- activities of daily living
- physiotherapy intensity
- physiotherapy setting
- post-hospital pathway