Methods and results: Seventy-four post-RT vascular lesion cases were obtained and stained with antibodies against CD34, CD31, D2-40, Ki67, and c-Myc. Mutational analysis was performed by deep sequencing for the following genes: KRAS, NRAS, HRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, TP53, NOTCH1, PTEN, CDKN2A, EGFR, AKT1, CTNNB1, hTERT, and PTPRB. Post-RT AS cases were graded according to a previously reported breast AS grading system. AVL cases showed a low number of HRAS and hTERT mutations, whereas post-RT AS cases showed a high frequency of EGFR, TP53, HRAS and hTERT mutations. On follow-up, all BLAP and AVL patients were alive with no evidence of disease. Post-RT AS 5-year overall survival declined with the increase in grade, as follows: 85.7% for grade 1, 83.3% for grade 2, and 40.4% for grade 3.
Conclusions: Our findings confirm that BLAP and AVL have a good prognosis, and that post-RT AS prognosis is strongly related to histological grading. On molecular analysis, AVL and post-RT AS shared HRAS and hTERT mutations, suggesting a relationship between the two lesions.
- atypical vascular lesions