Post-traumatic growth enhances social identification in liver transplant patients: A longitudinal study

Marta Scrignaro, Fabio Sani, Juliet Ruth Helen Wakefield, Elisabetta Bianchi, Maria Elena Magrin, Laura Gangeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective The main aim of this paper is to investigate the prediction that greater subjective identification with relevant groups and social categories (i.e. ‘family’ and ‘transplantees’) can be an outcome of post-traumatic growth (PTG). To date there are no studies that have explored these relationships. Methods A longitudinal study was conducted with a group of 100 liver transplant patients from the outpatient populations of the participating centre. Data were collected by means of a self-report questionnaire, which was completed at two different time points (T1 and T2) that were 24 months apart. PTG was assessed using the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory, while both transplantee and family identification were assessed using group identification scales. A path model was tested, using a structural equation model (SEM) approach, to examine the reciprocal effects among family identification, transplantee identification, and PTG over time. Results As predicted, we found that greater PTG T1 predicted both greater family identification T2 and marginally greater transplantee identification T2. However, the two identification variables did not predict PTG over time. Conclusions The results show that family identification and transplantee identification may be outcomes of the PTG process, confirming the importance of adopting a thriving multidimensional model of adjustment to medical illness, whereby people facing adverse life events, such as transplantation, may flourish rather than deteriorate psychologically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Cancer
  • Post-traumatic growth
  • Social identification
  • Social identity
  • Transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology


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