Post-traumatic stress reactions in caregivers of children and adolescents/young adults with severe diseases: A systematic review of risk and protective factors: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

C. Carmassi, V. Dell’oste, C. Foghi, C.A. Bertelloni, E. Conti, S. Calderoni, R. Battini, L. Dell’osso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Severe illnesses in children and adolescents/young adults (AYAs) may represent a complex burden for patients and their caregivers, including a wide range of mental disorders, particularly post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few events are as potentially traumatizing as having a son or a daughter diagnosed with a severe, life-threatening, or disabling disease. The presence of PTSD symptoms in caregivers may compromise their efficacy as caregivers and negatively affect the child’s well-being. This systematic review aims at outlining potential risk and protective factors for the development of PTSD symptoms in caregivers of children and AYAs affected by severe acute or chronic illnesses. Thirty-one studies on caregivers of children and AYAs affected by severe, acute, or chronic diseases were included. Socio-demographic and socio-economic characteristics, illness-related distress, psychiatric symptoms, support, and coping styles were found as potential risk/protective factors across studies. It is crucial to consider risk factors affecting caregivers of severely ill young patients, in order to plan focused interventions aimed at preventing an adverse clinical out-come in caregivers and at enhancing caregivers’ coping skills, in order to ultimately improve their quality of life. © 2020 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Caregiv-ing burden
  • Parents
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)
  • Psychological distress
  • adolescence
  • adult
  • child health
  • disease
  • mental disorder
  • risk factor
  • symptom
  • adolescent
  • caregiver
  • child
  • coping behavior
  • cross-sectional study
  • female
  • handicapped child
  • human
  • male
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • protection
  • psychology
  • quality of life
  • young adult
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Caregivers
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disabled Children
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Protective Factors
  • Quality of Life
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Young Adult

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