Postnatal development of high-affinity plasma membrane GABA transporters GAT-2 and GAT-3 in the rat cerebral cortex

Andrea Minelli, Paolo Barbaresi, Fiorenzo Conti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the developmental profile of plasma membrane γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporters (GATs) GAT-2 and GAT-3 expression by immunocytochemistry with affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies in the rat neocortex. At all developmental ages investigated, GAT-2 ir was prominent in the arachnoid and in the trabeculae of the subarachnoid space, whereas it was weak within the cortical parenchyma; the adult pattern was reached during the third week of postnatal life. GAT-3 ir was present at birth and increased rapidly in the first week, when numerous positive cells were present throughout the cortical layers; at P10, GAT-3-positive cells became less numerous and GAT-3 ir switched to the adult pattern, which was expressed at P20. Confocal and electron microscopic investigations showed that GAT-3 positive cells were both neurons and astrocytes. The present evidence indicates that early in development GAT-3 is abundantly expressed in the cerebral cortex, where its expression appears to correlate with developmental variations in GABA levels, and suggests that it accounts for the largest fraction of GABA transport observed in the neonatal cerebral cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-18
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Brain Research
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 14 2003

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • GABA
  • GABA uptake
  • Neuron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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