From October 1983 to December 1988, 84 consecutive adult patients with acute non-lymphoblastic leukaemia (ANLL; median age = 51 yr) were uniformly treated to induce remission (CR) with intravenous vincristine and cytarabine sequentially followed by daunomycin and infusion cytarabine. From October 1983 to December 1985 consolidation was non-intensive (2 courses with the same drugs used for induction) (protocol ANLL83: 27 patients, median age = 45). From January 1986 to December 1988 consolidation was intensive (4 courses of vincristine and cytarabine sequentially followed by etoposide plus thioguanine or amsacrine) (protocol ANLL86: 57 patients, median age = 57). Excluding early deaths, the CR rate was 71.6%. Median CR, responsive patient survival and overall survival were 11.1, 15.3 and 8.5 mo, respectively. For protocol ANLL83 and ANLL86, median CR was 8.7 and 13.2 mo (P <0.05) and median survival was 13.1 and 16.9 mo (P <0.05) for responders and 8.0 and 9.2 mo (P not significant) for all patients. Intensive consolidation including drugs not previously used for induction seems to prolong CR duration and responder survival in adult ANLL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research