As an adhesion receptor, the β2 integrin-lymphocyte function- associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) contributes a strong adhesive force to promote T lymphocyte recirculation and interaction with antigen-presenting cells. As a signaling molecule, LFA-1-mediates transmembrane signaling, which leads to the generation of second messengers and costimulation resulting in T cell activation. We recently have demonstrated that, in costimulatory fashion, LFA-1 activation promotes the induction of T cell membrane urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and that this induced uPAR is functional. To investigate the mechanism(s) of this induction, we used the RNA polymerase II inhibitor 5,6-dichloro-1-β-D-ribobenzimidazole and determined that uPAR mRNA degradation is delayed by LFA-1 activation. Cloning of the wild-type, deleted and mutated 3'-untranslated region of the uPAR cDNA into a serum-inducible rabbit β-globin cDNA reporter construct revealed that the AU-rich elements and, in particular the nonameric UUAUUUAUU sequence, are crucial cis-acting elements in uPAR mRNA degradation. Experiments in which Jurkat T cells were transfected with reporter constructs demonstrated that LFA-1 engagement was able to stabilize the unstable reporter mRNA containing the uPAR 3'-untranslated region. Our study reveals a consequence of adhesion receptor-mediated signaling in T cells, which is potentially important in the regulation of T cell activation, including production of cytokines and expression of proto-oncogenes, many of which are controlled through 3' AU- rich elements.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - May 26 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas