Potential and challenges of aptamers as specific carriers of therapeutic oligonucleotides for precision medicine in cancer

Silvia Nuzzo, Giuseppina Roscigno, Alessandra Affinito, Francesco Ingenito, Cristina Quintavalle, Gerolama Condorelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Due to the progress made in the area of precision and personalized medicine in the field of cancer therapy, strategies to selectively and specifically identify target molecules causative of the diseases are urgently needed. Efforts are being made by a number of different laboratories, companies, and researchers to develop therapeutic molecules that selectively recognize the tissues and the cells of interest, exhibit few or no off-target and side effects, are non-immunogenic, and have a strong action. Aptamers, artificially selected single-stranded DNA or RNA oligonucleotides, are promising molecules satisfying many of the requirements needed for diagnosis and precision medicine. Aptamers can also couple to their native mechanism of action the delivery of additional molecules (oligonucleotides, siRNAs, miRNAs) to target cells. In this review, we summarize recent progress in the aptamer-mediated strategy for the specific delivery of therapeutic oligonucleotides.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1521
JournalCancers
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Aptamers
  • ASO
  • Brain tumors
  • Cancer therapy
  • Diagnosis
  • MiRNA
  • RNAi
  • ShRNA
  • SiRNA
  • Targeted delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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