INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this case series was to report the potential role of cyclophosphamide (CY) on bleb survival and to evaluate the safety of the trabeculectomy procedure under immunosuppressant systemic therapy.
CASE SERIES: Five eyes of five patients with unresponsive to intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering medication, progressive glaucoma, underwent mytomicin C (MMC) augmented phaco-trabeculectomy, performed by the same surgeon, A.G., during the period from May 2015 to January 2016. All patients were treated with low doses of systemic CY at the time of surgery, to control their relapsing progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) form.
RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 20.6 ± 8.1 months, for cases of "complete success" (when the IOP was < 15 mmHg without glaucoma therapy) were observed, while one case was classified as a "qualified success" since the IOP was ≤ 15 mmHg with β-blocker drops. There were no bleb infections, nor bleb-related complications.
CONCLUSION: This study reports the safety of performing the filtration surgical procedure under immunosuppressant systemic therapy and provides a possible explication of CY anti-fibrotic mechanism and its possible role on bleb survival. Our findings may suggest new perspectives of study in this field.