Potential modification of plaque behavior through the european lacidipine study on atherosclerosis

M. G. Bond, M. Mercuri, A. Rappelli, E. Ambrosioni, E. Agabiti-Rosei, C. Cuspidi, B. Trimarco, A. Pessina, A. Salvetti, A. Bucci, P. Toutouzas, J. L. Reid, [No Value] Ramsey, J. Scholze, H. J. Gilfrich, C. Hamm, H. Holzgreve, C. Spieker, J. M. Mallion, F. ZannadS. Laurent, A. Roca-Cusachs, L. M. Ruilope, T. Thulin, U. De Faire, A. Zanchetti, M. Mercuri, C. Dal Palù, V. Gladigau, L. Hansson, G. Mancia, A. B. Neiss, K. H. Rahn, J. L. Reid, O. Zerbini, J. Rodicio, M. Safar, M. Mercuri, M. Hennig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The European Lacidipine Study on Atherosclerosis (ELSA) has been designed to compare the effects of two antihypertensive agents, the calcium antagonist lacidipine and the p-blocker atenolol, on the development of atherosclerosis in hypertensive patients stratified according to the presence of carotid plaques, or the presence or absence of carotid artery intimamedia thickening. ELSA is a multinational, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel group study that is to be conducted over a 5-year period. Recruitment and treatment will take place at 23 referral centers in seven countries. A total cohort of 3,660 patients, aged between 45 and 75 years, with diastolic blood pressure 95-115 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure ≥210 mm Hg at enrollment, will be stratified into three groups according to a B-mode ultrasound analysis of the carotid wall morphology. After a 1-month placebo run-in period, patients will be randomized to receive either lacidipine (4-6 mg once daily) or atenolol (50-100 mg once daily). Nonresponders will be treated with hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg, eventually titrated to 25 mg if required), on an open basis. During the course of the study, patients will be monitored by carotid ultrasound assessment and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The results of this study should further understanding of the pathobiology of atherosclerosis, and its development and prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S11-S16
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 1995


  • Atherosclerosis
  • B-mode ultrasonography
  • Calcium antagonist
  • ELSA
  • Hypertension
  • Lacidipine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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