Background. Significant developments have occurred in the field of percutaneous interventions for structural heart disease over the last decade. The introduction of several innovations has expanded significantly the spectrum of therapeutic applications of structural interventional cardiology. However, the translation of the most recent scientific evidence into clinical practice and the adoption of new technologies may be susceptible to large variability, even within the same geographic area. This study aimed at describing current status and changing trends of structural heart interventions within 6 Regions in Italy. Methods. Between July 2015 and October 2015, 6 regional delegations of the Italian Society of Interventional Cardiology (SICI-GISE) promoted a web-based multicenter survey concerning structural heart interventions. An ad hoc questionnaire was administered to head physicians of the cath-labs of 4 Regions of Northern Italy (Tuscany, Lombardy, Veneto and Emilia-Romagna) and 2 Regions of Southern Italy (Puglia Lombardy, Veneto and Emilia-Romagna between April 2014 and May 2014. Data from the two surveys were compared, observing the changing trends between 2014 and 2015. Results. The 2015 survey was completed in more than two thirds (68%) of the 145 eligible cath-labs. According to the survey, the application of percutaneous structural heart interventions and the availability of devices were wide and homogeneous within the 6 Regions involved. The main factors perceived as limiting the execution of structural heart interventions resulted economic (e.g. cost of procedures and devices) or organizational (e.g. limited diffusion of hybrid operating rooms). Conclusions. In this study, which was based on the results of a recent survey conducted in 6 Italian Regions, structural heart interventions resulted widely growing throughout the investigated area. The indications for treatment and the availability of devices were relatively homogeneous between the regions involved, as well as the limiting factors, which appear to be mainly economic-organizational.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine