PRC2 preserves intestinal progenitors and restricts secretory lineage commitment

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromatin modifications shape cell heterogeneity by activating and repressing defined sets of genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development. Polycomb-repressive complexes (PRCs) act synergistically during development and differentiation by maintaining transcriptional repression of common genes. PRC2 exerts this activity by catalysing H3K27 trimethylation. Here, we show that in the intestinal epithelium PRC2 is required to sustain progenitor cell proliferation and the correct balance between secretory and absorptive lineage differentiation programs. Using genetic models, we show that PRC2 activity is largely dispensable for intestinal stem cell maintenance but is strictly required for radiation-induced regeneration by preventing Cdkn2a transcription. Combining these models with genomewide molecular analysis, we further demonstrate that preferential accumulation of secretory cells does not result from impaired proliferation of progenitor cells induced by Cdkn2a activation but rather from direct regulation of transcription factors responsible for secretory lineage commitment. Overall, our data uncover a dual role of PRC2 in intestinal homeostasis highlighting the importance of this repressive layer in controlling cell plasticity and lineage choices in adult tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2301-2314
Number of pages14
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume35
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2 2016

Fingerprint

Cell proliferation
Stem Cells
Genes
Transcription
Stem cells
Cell Proliferation
Chromatin
Plasticity
Transcription Factors
Cell Shape
Chemical activation
Genetic Models
Cells
Cell Lineage
Intestinal Mucosa
Tissue
Radiation
Regeneration
Cell Differentiation
Homeostasis

Keywords

  • chromatin modifications
  • H3K27 methylation
  • intestinal homeostasis and differentiation
  • polycomb
  • PRC2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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title = "PRC2 preserves intestinal progenitors and restricts secretory lineage commitment",
abstract = "Chromatin modifications shape cell heterogeneity by activating and repressing defined sets of genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development. Polycomb-repressive complexes (PRCs) act synergistically during development and differentiation by maintaining transcriptional repression of common genes. PRC2 exerts this activity by catalysing H3K27 trimethylation. Here, we show that in the intestinal epithelium PRC2 is required to sustain progenitor cell proliferation and the correct balance between secretory and absorptive lineage differentiation programs. Using genetic models, we show that PRC2 activity is largely dispensable for intestinal stem cell maintenance but is strictly required for radiation-induced regeneration by preventing Cdkn2a transcription. Combining these models with genomewide molecular analysis, we further demonstrate that preferential accumulation of secretory cells does not result from impaired proliferation of progenitor cells induced by Cdkn2a activation but rather from direct regulation of transcription factors responsible for secretory lineage commitment. Overall, our data uncover a dual role of PRC2 in intestinal homeostasis highlighting the importance of this repressive layer in controlling cell plasticity and lineage choices in adult tissues.",
keywords = "chromatin modifications, H3K27 methylation, intestinal homeostasis and differentiation, polycomb, PRC2",
author = "Fulvio Chiacchiera and Alessandra Rossi and Jammula, {Sri Ganesh} and Marika Zanotti and Diego Pasini",
year = "2016",
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T1 - PRC2 preserves intestinal progenitors and restricts secretory lineage commitment

AU - Chiacchiera, Fulvio

AU - Rossi, Alessandra

AU - Jammula, Sri Ganesh

AU - Zanotti, Marika

AU - Pasini, Diego

PY - 2016/11/2

Y1 - 2016/11/2

N2 - Chromatin modifications shape cell heterogeneity by activating and repressing defined sets of genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development. Polycomb-repressive complexes (PRCs) act synergistically during development and differentiation by maintaining transcriptional repression of common genes. PRC2 exerts this activity by catalysing H3K27 trimethylation. Here, we show that in the intestinal epithelium PRC2 is required to sustain progenitor cell proliferation and the correct balance between secretory and absorptive lineage differentiation programs. Using genetic models, we show that PRC2 activity is largely dispensable for intestinal stem cell maintenance but is strictly required for radiation-induced regeneration by preventing Cdkn2a transcription. Combining these models with genomewide molecular analysis, we further demonstrate that preferential accumulation of secretory cells does not result from impaired proliferation of progenitor cells induced by Cdkn2a activation but rather from direct regulation of transcription factors responsible for secretory lineage commitment. Overall, our data uncover a dual role of PRC2 in intestinal homeostasis highlighting the importance of this repressive layer in controlling cell plasticity and lineage choices in adult tissues.

AB - Chromatin modifications shape cell heterogeneity by activating and repressing defined sets of genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development. Polycomb-repressive complexes (PRCs) act synergistically during development and differentiation by maintaining transcriptional repression of common genes. PRC2 exerts this activity by catalysing H3K27 trimethylation. Here, we show that in the intestinal epithelium PRC2 is required to sustain progenitor cell proliferation and the correct balance between secretory and absorptive lineage differentiation programs. Using genetic models, we show that PRC2 activity is largely dispensable for intestinal stem cell maintenance but is strictly required for radiation-induced regeneration by preventing Cdkn2a transcription. Combining these models with genomewide molecular analysis, we further demonstrate that preferential accumulation of secretory cells does not result from impaired proliferation of progenitor cells induced by Cdkn2a activation but rather from direct regulation of transcription factors responsible for secretory lineage commitment. Overall, our data uncover a dual role of PRC2 in intestinal homeostasis highlighting the importance of this repressive layer in controlling cell plasticity and lineage choices in adult tissues.

KW - chromatin modifications

KW - H3K27 methylation

KW - intestinal homeostasis and differentiation

KW - polycomb

KW - PRC2

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