Pre- and postoperative serum CK activity is evaluated in 142 children submitted, "uneventfully", to diagnostic muscle biopsy under halothane (77 patients), ketamine (50 patients) or "local" (15 patients) anaesthesia. The purpose was to ascertain whether or not anaesthesia-induced-rhabdomyolysis (AR) was an asymptomatic (and unrecognized) complication of "uneventful" anaesthesia. The majority of patients with low preoperative CK values showed a slight increase of serum CK activity on the first postoperative day. On the contrary, a postoperative decrease was observed in the majority of patients with high preoperative values (namely in almost all ketamine patients and in 2/3 of halothane-patients). In no case postoperative increase reached a value suggesting the occurrence of AR even though a postoperative value of 16480 U/I was observed in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy after halothane anaesthesia. Sudden interruption of motor activity induced by general anaesthesia seems to be the most important factor in reducing the release of CK from muscle. When preoperative release is low, any further postoperative reduction is not sufficient to balance the moderate increase of CK produced by the surgical procedure; the opposite should happen in patients presenting with high preoperative release. So far as anaesthetics are concerned, our data seem to suggest that ketamine has a higher "protective" role compared to halothane.
|Translated title of the contribution||Pre- and postoperative evaluation of plasma creatine kinase in 142 children subjected to "uncomplicated" anesthesia in muscle biopsy|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine