Pre-ART HIV-1 DNA in CD4+ T cells correlates with baseline viro-immunological status and outcome in patients under first-line ART

ICONA Foundation Study group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We evaluated the association between pre-ART HIV DNA and HIV-infected participant characteristics at baseline as well as with their response to first-line ART. Methods: Four hundred and thirty-three patients from the ICONA cohort, starting first-line ART after the year 2000, were analysed. Pre-ART HIV DNA was quantified with the modified COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 Test and normalized by CD4+ T cells. Linear correlation between pre-ART HIV DNA and other continuous markers (HIV RNA, CD4 count, markers of inflammation and coagulation) at baseline was evaluated by means of Pearson correlation coefficient and a linear regression model. Survival analyses and Cox regression models were used to study the association between pre-ART HIV DNA and time to viro-immunoclinical events. Results: Pre-ART HIV DNA [median (IQR): 10 702 (3397-36 632) copies/106 CD4+ T cells] was correlated with pre-ART HIV RNA [R2 = +0.44, (P < 0.0001)], CD4+ T cells [R2 = -0.58, (P < 0.0001)] and CD4/CD8 ratio [R2 = -0.48, (P < 0.0001)], while weaker correlations were observed with CD8+ T cells (R2 = -0.20, P = 0.01), IL-6 (R2 = +0.16, P = 0.002) and soluble CD14 (R2 = +0.09, P = 0.05). Patients with higher pre-ART HIV DNA showed lower rate and delayed virological response (defined as HIV RNA ≤50 copies/mL), compared with those having lower HIV DNA (67.2% for >10 000, 81.1% for 1000-10 000 and 86.4% for 10-1000 copies/106 CD4+ T cells; P = 0.0004). Higher pre-ART HIV DNA was also correlated with increased risk of virological rebound (defined as HIV RNA >50 copies/mL) by 24 months (17.2% for >10 000, 7.4% for 1000-10 000 and 4.3% for 10-1000 copies/106 CD4+ T cells; P = 0.0048). Adjusted HRs of all virological rebound definitions confirmed these findings (P ≤ 0.02). Conclusions: Pre-ART HIV DNA, along with HIV RNA and CD4+ T cell count, should be considered as a new staging marker to better identify people at lower (or higher) risk of viral rebound following achievement of virological suppression (≤50 copies/mL).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3460-3470
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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