Pre-banking microbial contamination of donor conjunctiva and storage medium for penetrating keratoplasty

Takenori Inomata, Koichi Ono, Tsuyoshi Matsuba, Tina Shiang, Antonio Di Zazzo, Satoru Nakatani, Masahiro Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki Ebihara, Akira Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The aims of this study were to investigate the incidence of positive donor tissue cultures before transfer to preservation medium (Optisol™-GS) for penetrating keratoplasty, to verify the efficacy of antibiotics contained in Optisol™-GS by examining the drug susceptibility and to assess the relationship between the results of our microbial assessments as well as donor factors and the incidence of contamination. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study using Juntendo Eye Bank records for all corneal transplantations. Two hundred donor conjunctiva harvestings and storage medium (EP-II®) cultures were performed between July 2008 and June 2011. We analyzed the associations between donor factors (age, gender, history of cataract surgery, death-to-preservation interval, cause of death) and contamination rates using multivariate analysis by the generalized estimating equation model. Results: We obtained positive bacterial cultures from 154 of the 200 eyes (77.0%). The isolated bacteria were indigenous, such as coagulase-negative Staphylococci, Corynebacterium sp., and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). There was significant resistance to levofloxacin (18 eyes, 9.0%) and gentamicin (12 eyes, 6.0%), and no vancomycin-resistant bacteria were detected. The donor factors did not correlate with the prevalence of bacterial contamination in our criteria. Conclusions: Pre-banking microbial assessment allows for microbial detection, bacterial susceptibility and resistance testing. This is useful for developing preservation mediums containing effective spectrum antibiotic agents for high quality control of corneal banking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-377
Number of pages9
JournalJapanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume61
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Bacterial contamination
  • Corneoscleral rim
  • Donor conjunctiva
  • Eye banking
  • Preservation medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Inomata, T., Ono, K., Matsuba, T., Shiang, T., Di Zazzo, A., Nakatani, S., Yamaguchi, M., Ebihara, N., & Murakami, A. (2017). Pre-banking microbial contamination of donor conjunctiva and storage medium for penetrating keratoplasty. Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, 61(5), 369-377. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10384-017-0521-1