Pre-clinical evaluation of new antineoplastic agents in NSCLC cell lines: evidence of histological subtype-dependent cytotoxicity.

M. Loprevite, R. E. Favoni, A. de Cupis, P. Pirani, F. Merlo, F. Grossi, A. Ardizzoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The antiproliferative effect of paclitaxel, docetaxel, gemcitabine, topotecan, SN-38 and cis-platin was studied on 5 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, 3 of which were adenocarcinoma (ADK) and 2 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Cellular chemosensitivity was determined using the MTT in vitro assay after 48, 72 and 96 h of exposure to drug in concentration ranging from 0.001 to 100 microM. A concentration-dependent cell growth inhibition was observed for paclitaxel, gemcitabine, topotecan, SN-38 and cis-platin in all cell lines tested. Docetaxel showed a concentration-independent cytotoxicity and was 104 times more potent than cis-platin (IC50 = 0. 001 vs. 10 microM). Paclitaxel, gemcitabine, topotecan and SN-38 were 102 times more potent than cis-platin, with median IC50 = 0.1 microM at 72 h. The level of drug-induced cell growth inhibition appeared to be correlated, for some of the six drugs tested, with the tumor histological subtype. In particular, topotecan and cis-platin were more active in squamous cell carcinoma than in adenocarcinoma cell lines (p=0.006 and 0.001 respectively at 0.1 microM concentration), while paclitaxel was more active in ADK than in SCC cell lines (p=0.004 at 0.01 microM concentration). Ca-Lu-6, a cell line that, contrary to most other lung cancer cell lines, is wild-type for most oncogenes/tumor suppressor genes, was by far the most sensitive cell line used (p=0.002, 0.003, 0.01 for paclitaxel, topotecan and cis-platin respectively, at 1 microM concentration), showing a >50% growth inhibition to new drugs at a concentration of 0.01 microM. In conclusion, all these new compounds tested were found to be more potent than cis-platin in affecting cellular proliferation of six NSCLC cell lines studied. We suggest that the specific histological subtype and molecular pattern of the cell line being treated could affect the antiproliferative effect of these drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-792
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Oncology
Volume15
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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