Pre-clinical validation of a new partially cemented femoral prosthesis by synergetic use of numerical and experimental methods

Marco Viceconti, Luca Cristofolini, Massimiliano Baleani, Aldo Toni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present work reports the pre-clinical validation of an innovative partially cemented femoral prosthesis called cement-locked uncemented (CLU) prosthesis. The inventors of the device under investigation claimed that, when compared to a comparable fully cemented stem, the new stem would present various advantages. Two previous experimental studies confirmed that primary stability and stress shielding were comparable to those of cemented stems. Aim of the present study was to investigate if the remaining claims were confirmed as well. A complete finite element model of the bone-implant complex was created from CT data. The model was validated against in vitro measurements of bone surface strains as well as against primary stability measurements. The peak stresses predicted in the CLU cement mantle were not found significantly lower than those reported in other studies on fully cemented stems. However, once the cement inlet geometry is optimised and the associated stress risers are eliminated, the CLU cement mantle should be subjected to much lower stresses. The stress induced in the stems by both load cases was well below the fatigue limit of the Ti6Al4V alloy. Finite element models predicted for all load cases relative motion between cement and metal lower than 60μm. This amplitude may be fully accommodated by elastic deformations of the cement micro-ridges. The experimental and numerical results showed the validity of the new fixation concept, although a further optimisation of the geometry of the cement pockets is needed in order to further reduce the stresses in the cement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)723-731
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Cement stresses
  • Finite element analysis
  • Hip prosthesis
  • Primary stability
  • Stress shielding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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