Preclinical and clinical evaluation of four gemcitabine plus carboplatin schedules as front-line treatment for stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer

E. Bajetta, S. C. Stani, D. De Candis, N. Zaffaroni, N. Zilembo, D. Cortinovis, S. Aglione, L. Mariani, B. Formisano, P. Bidoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To explore the activity and tolerability of gemcitabine (GEM) and carboplatin (CBDCA) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) we tested four administration sequences on H460 NSCLC cells, and at the same time performed a randomized phase II trial using analogous schedules. Patients and methods: GEM was given first in two in vitro sequences, and CBDCA first in the other two; interaction was quantified calculating a combination index. Eighty-eight chemotherapy-naïve, stage IV NSCLC patients were randomly assigned to receive either: GEM (1000 mg/m2) on days 1 and 8 and CBDCA (AUC 5 mg·min/ml) on day 1, 4 h before GEM (arm A); same as arm A except CBDCA given 4 h after GEM (arm B); GEM on days 1 and 8 and CBDCA on day 2 (arm C); GEM on days 2 and 9 and CBDCA on day 1 (arm D). Courses were repeated every 21 days. Results: In the preclinical study, CBDCA given before GEM produced a synergistic cytotoxic effect. Two complete and 29 partial responses occurred in 86 of 88 treated patients (intention-to-treat analysis 35%; 95% confidence interval 25.5% to 46.8%). One- and 2-year survivals were 44% and 11%, respectively. Grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia occurred in 11%; grade 3/4 neutropenia in 17%; and non-hematological toxicity was insignificant. Median survival was 11 months (range 7-18+), but better in patients receiving CBDCA first (arms A and D) (13 versus 9 months) than in patients receiving GEM first (arms B and C). The response was greater (50% versus 31%) in arm A than in the other arms. Conclusions: The CBDCA/GEM combination is safe and active against stage IV NSCLC. Our preclinical and clinical findings suggest that administration of CBDCA before GEM gives the better outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-247
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2003

Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Gemcitabine
  • Non-small-cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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