Predicting appropriate shocks in patients with heart failure: Patient level meta-analysis from SCD-HeFT and MADIT II

Emily P. Zeitler, Sana M. Al-Khatib, Daniel J. Friedman, Joo Yoon Han, Jeanne E. Poole, Gust H. Bardy, J. Thomas Bigger, Alfred E. Buxton, Arthur J. Moss, Kerry L. Lee, Paul Dorian, Riccardo Cappato, Alan H. Kadish, Peter J. Kudenchuk, Daniel B. Mark, Lurdes Y.T. Inoue, Gillian D. Sanders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: No precise tools exist to predict appropriate shocks in patients with a primary prevention ICD. We sought to identify characteristics predictive of appropriate shocks in patients with a primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Methods: Using patient-level data from the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT II) and the Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT), we identified patients with any appropriate shock. Clinical and demographic variables were included in a logistic regression model to predict appropriate shocks. Results: There were 1,463 patients randomized to an ICD, and 285 (19%) had ≥1 appropriate shock over a median follow-up of 2.59 years. Compared with patients without appropriate ICD shocks, patients who received any appropriate shock tended to have more severe heart failure. In a multiple logistic regression model, predictors of appropriate shocks included NYHA class (NYHA II vs. I: OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.07–2.55; NYHA III vs. I: OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.10–2.76), lower LVEF (per 1% change) (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02–1.06), absence of beta-blocker therapy (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.23–2.12), and single chamber ICD (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.13–2.45). Conclusion: In this meta-analysis of patient level data from MADIT-II and SCD-HeFT, higher NYHA class, lower LVEF, no beta-blocker therapy, and single chamber ICD (vs. dual chamber) were significant predictors of appropriate shocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1345-1351
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

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Keywords

  • implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • meta-analysis
  • primary prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Zeitler, E. P., Al-Khatib, S. M., Friedman, D. J., Han, J. Y., Poole, J. E., Bardy, G. H., Bigger, J. T., Buxton, A. E., Moss, A. J., Lee, K. L., Dorian, P., Cappato, R., Kadish, A. H., Kudenchuk, P. J., Mark, D. B., Inoue, L. Y. T., & Sanders, G. D. (2017). Predicting appropriate shocks in patients with heart failure: Patient level meta-analysis from SCD-HeFT and MADIT II. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, 28(11), 1345-1351. https://doi.org/10.1111/jce.13307