Predicting borderline and antisocial personality disorder features in nonclinical subjects using measures of impulsivity and aggressiveness

Andrea Fossati, Ernest S. Barratt, Ilaria Carretta, Barbara Leonardi, Federica Grazioli, Cesare Maffei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines impulsivity and aggressiveness dimensions as predictors of borderline (BPD) and antisocial (ASPD) personality disorder symptoms in nonclinical subjects. A total of 747 undergraduate university students were administered the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11, and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that motor impulsiveness, irritability, resentment, and guilt predicted BPD symptoms among university students after controlling for the effect of ASPD and depressive symptoms. ASPD symptoms were predicted by motor impulsiveness, physical aggression, indirect aggression, and negativism. These results indicate that in nonclinical subjects BPD and ASPD symptoms share a common impulsivity dimension but are linked to different aggressiveness facets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume125
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2004

Keywords

  • Barratt Impulsiveness Scale
  • Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Hierarchical regression analysis
  • Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

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