Predictive biomarkers of pre-eclampsia and effectiveness of preventative interventions for the disease

Annalisa Inversetti, Maddalena Smid, Massimo Candiani, Maurizio Ferrari, Silvia Galbiati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is one of the most common pregnancy complication characterized by placental and maternal vascular dysfunction. It affects about 3-8% of women during the second half of pregnancy and represents one of the major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The etiology of PE largely remains unknown.Areas covered: PE is considered a syndrome with multisystem involvement, so the ideal predictive test for it should utilize a combination of many predictors. Measurement in early pregnancy of a variety of biophysical and biochemical markers implicated in the pathophysiology of PE associated with clinical risk factors has been proposed to predict the development of the syndrome, thereby mitigating an adverse outcome.Expert opinion: The identification of reliable indicators is a clinically relevant issue that could result in early therapeutic intervention and leading to the prevention of maternal and fetal injuries before the manifestation of clinical signs. Many factors complicate the prevention of PE cases. Most are attributed to unknown etiology, the low predictive value of current screening tests and the several presentations of the disease. Although preventative treatments have been studied extensively, an effective intervention to avoid the development of PE has not yet been discovered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1173
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Predictive biomarkers
  • Preventative interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Medicine(all)


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