Predictive factors and oncological outcomes of persistently elevated prostate-specific antigen in patients following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy

Anup Kumar, Srinivas Samavedi, Vladimir Mouraviev, Anthony S. Bates, Rafael F. Coelho, Bernardo Rocco, Vipul R. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our aim was to evaluate factors associated with persistently elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and biochemical recurrence following robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). The study population (N = 5300) consisted of consecutive patients who underwent RARP for localized prostate cancer by a single surgeon (VP) from January 2008 through July 2013. A query of our Institutional Review Board-approved registry identified 162 men with persistently elevated PSA (group A), defined as PSA level ≥0.1 ng/ml at 6 weeks after surgery, who were compared with rest of the cohort group having undetectable PSA, group B (10 ng/ml (p = 0.01), Gleason Score ≥8 (p = 0.001) and clinical stage(p = 0.001)]; postoperative [pathologic stage (p = 0.001), extraprostatic extension (EPE, p = 0.01), lymph node positivity (p = 0.001), positive surgical margin (PSM, p = 0.02), Gleason score (p = 0.01) and tumor volume percent (p <0.001)]. The mean follow-up was 38.1 months. The BCR was significantly higher in group A as compared to group B(52.47 vs 7.9 %) respectively; p = 0.01). The mean time to BCR was significantly lesser in group A as compared to group B(8.9 vs 21.1 months respectively; p = 0.01). The BCR-free survival rates at 1 year and 3 years were significantly lower statistically in the persistent PSA group in comparison to other groups (69.7 vs 97.3 % and 48.5 vs 92.1 %, respectively; p = 0.01). On multivariate logistic regression analysis in patients with persistent PSA on follow-up, preoperative PSA >10 ng/ml, postoperative Gleason score ≥8, postoperative stage ≥pT3, positive pelvic lymph nodes, PSM >3 mm and post-RARP PSA doubling time (DT)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 31 2016

Keywords

  • Oncologic outcome
  • Predictive factors
  • Prostate-specific antigen
  • Prostatectomy
  • Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics

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