Predictive factors of [18F]-Choline PET/CT in 170 patients with increasing PSA after primary radical treatment

Beatrice Detti, Silvia Scoccianti, Davide Franceschini, Samantha Cipressi, Sara Cassani, Donata Villari, Mauro Gacci, Alberto Pupi, Luca Vaggelli, Calogero Saieva, Maurizio Pertici, Lorenzo Livi, M. Ceroti, Giulio Nicita, Marco Carini, Giampaolo Biti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential usefulness of [18F]-Choline PET/CT in the restaging of prostate cancer patients, who presented a rising PSA. Materials and methods: We evaluated 170 prostate cancer patients, previously radically treated, that were referred for restaging with [18F]-Choline PET/CT. Results: A total of 129 patients (median PSA 4.29 ng/ml at relapse) showed one or more areas of high uptake on PET/CT scan, while 41 patients with a median PSA of 1.07 ng/ml at relapse showed negative PET/CT scans. No false negative was found, while 31 patients were identified as false positive. Specificity of Choline PET/CT in our series was 56.9 %, while sensibility was 100 %. At the time of restaging, a PSA value superior or equal to 1 ng/ml was found to be a statistically significant predictive factor of PET positivity, either at the univariate (p <0.0001) and at the multivariate analysis (p <0.0001). Conclusions: Based on our findings, [18F]-Choline PET/CT is confirmed as a useful diagnostic tool to detect early recurrence, in patients with increasing PSA after primary treatment. However, in case of a mild increase in PSA, positive results must be validated with other techniques, as specificity and positive predictive value of [18F]-Choline PET/CT decrease with the lower values of PSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-528
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013


  • Choline PET/CT
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostatectomy
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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