A retrospective study was conducted in 282 patients with epilepsy to assess the predictive performance of pharmacokinetic methods for individualizing dosage of phenytoin. Two population-based dosing methods (population clearance method and bayesian feedback method) and one individual-based method (the so-called linearized Michaelis-Menten method) were evaluated, when applicable, for single-point and/or 2-point dose predictions of phenytoin. In single-point predictions, we found a generally low percentage of dose calculations falling inside the ±10% range (48.9% and 51.1% for the population clearance and the bayesian methods, respectively). In 2-point predictions, the bayesian method was 'accurate' (dose within the ±10% range) in approximately 54.3% or 55.0% of cases (depending on the particular method of implementation adopted). An even worse percentage of 'accurate' dose predictions (38.3%) was obtained by using the linearized Michaelis-Menten method. Our data do not confirm results from previous studies indicating a generally good performance of pharmacokinetic methods for predicting phenytoin dosage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health