Predictive role of the UGT1A1, UGT1A7, and UGT1A9 genetic variants and their haplotypes on the outcome of metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan

Erika Cecchin, Federico Innocenti, Mario D'Andrea, Giuseppe Corona, Elena De Mattia, Paola Biason, Angela Buonadonna, Giuseppe Toffoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: UGT1A1*28 is considered the main pharmacogenetic predictor of the toxicity outcome of irinotecan-treated patients. We evaluated the effect of other UGT1A variants and haplotypes involved in 7-ethyl-10- hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) glucuronidation on severe toxicity and efficacy of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI). Patients and Methods: In addition to UGT1A1*28, UGT1A1*60, UGT1A1*93, UGT1A7*3, and UGT1A9*22 were genotyped in 250 metastatic colorectal cancer patients, and associations with severe hematologic and nonhematologic toxicity, objective response, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival were evaluated. In a subset of 71 patients, pharmacokinetic data were also available. Results: UGT1A7*3 was the only marker of severe hematologic toxicity after the first cycle (odds ratio [OR], 3.94; 95% CI, 1.05 to 14.82; P = .04) in a multivariate analysis. It was also associated with glucuronidation ratio (SN-38G area under the curve [AUC]/SN-38 AUC) and biliary index (irinotecan AUC) X (SN-38 AUC/SN-38G AUC). Haplotype I (all the reference sequence alleles but UGT1A9*22) was a predictor of severe hematologic toxicity during the entire course of therapy (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.82; P = .01), together with sex (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.01 to 4.28; P = .05). In addition to UGT1A1*28, haplotype II (all the variant alleles but UGT1A9*22) was associated with a response rate (OR, 8.61; 95% CI, 1.75 to 42.38; P = .01). UGT1A1*28 was the only marker associated with TTP. Conclusion: We propose that UGT1A variants additional to UGT1A1*28 might improve the prediction of the outcome of colorectal cancer patients treated with FOLFIRI. A UGT1A haplotype-based approach might be an efficacious strategy to achieve treatment individualization of FOLFIRI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2457-2465
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume27
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 20 2009

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irinotecan
Leucovorin
Fluorouracil
Haplotypes
Colorectal Neoplasms
Area Under Curve
Odds Ratio
Alleles
Pharmacogenetics
Sex Ratio
Reaction Time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{348ad89ddde644e2a0c2933c42f7cb45,
title = "Predictive role of the UGT1A1, UGT1A7, and UGT1A9 genetic variants and their haplotypes on the outcome of metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan",
abstract = "Purpose: UGT1A1*28 is considered the main pharmacogenetic predictor of the toxicity outcome of irinotecan-treated patients. We evaluated the effect of other UGT1A variants and haplotypes involved in 7-ethyl-10- hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) glucuronidation on severe toxicity and efficacy of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI). Patients and Methods: In addition to UGT1A1*28, UGT1A1*60, UGT1A1*93, UGT1A7*3, and UGT1A9*22 were genotyped in 250 metastatic colorectal cancer patients, and associations with severe hematologic and nonhematologic toxicity, objective response, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival were evaluated. In a subset of 71 patients, pharmacokinetic data were also available. Results: UGT1A7*3 was the only marker of severe hematologic toxicity after the first cycle (odds ratio [OR], 3.94; 95{\%} CI, 1.05 to 14.82; P = .04) in a multivariate analysis. It was also associated with glucuronidation ratio (SN-38G area under the curve [AUC]/SN-38 AUC) and biliary index (irinotecan AUC) X (SN-38 AUC/SN-38G AUC). Haplotype I (all the reference sequence alleles but UGT1A9*22) was a predictor of severe hematologic toxicity during the entire course of therapy (OR, 0.39; 95{\%} CI, 0.19 to 0.82; P = .01), together with sex (OR, 2.08; 95{\%} CI, 1.01 to 4.28; P = .05). In addition to UGT1A1*28, haplotype II (all the variant alleles but UGT1A9*22) was associated with a response rate (OR, 8.61; 95{\%} CI, 1.75 to 42.38; P = .01). UGT1A1*28 was the only marker associated with TTP. Conclusion: We propose that UGT1A variants additional to UGT1A1*28 might improve the prediction of the outcome of colorectal cancer patients treated with FOLFIRI. A UGT1A haplotype-based approach might be an efficacious strategy to achieve treatment individualization of FOLFIRI.",
author = "Erika Cecchin and Federico Innocenti and Mario D'Andrea and Giuseppe Corona and {De Mattia}, Elena and Paola Biason and Angela Buonadonna and Giuseppe Toffoli",
year = "2009",
month = "5",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1200/JCO.2008.19.0314",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "2457--2465",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Oncology",
issn = "0732-183X",
publisher = "American Society of Clinical Oncology",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictive role of the UGT1A1, UGT1A7, and UGT1A9 genetic variants and their haplotypes on the outcome of metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan

AU - Cecchin, Erika

AU - Innocenti, Federico

AU - D'Andrea, Mario

AU - Corona, Giuseppe

AU - De Mattia, Elena

AU - Biason, Paola

AU - Buonadonna, Angela

AU - Toffoli, Giuseppe

PY - 2009/5/20

Y1 - 2009/5/20

N2 - Purpose: UGT1A1*28 is considered the main pharmacogenetic predictor of the toxicity outcome of irinotecan-treated patients. We evaluated the effect of other UGT1A variants and haplotypes involved in 7-ethyl-10- hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) glucuronidation on severe toxicity and efficacy of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI). Patients and Methods: In addition to UGT1A1*28, UGT1A1*60, UGT1A1*93, UGT1A7*3, and UGT1A9*22 were genotyped in 250 metastatic colorectal cancer patients, and associations with severe hematologic and nonhematologic toxicity, objective response, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival were evaluated. In a subset of 71 patients, pharmacokinetic data were also available. Results: UGT1A7*3 was the only marker of severe hematologic toxicity after the first cycle (odds ratio [OR], 3.94; 95% CI, 1.05 to 14.82; P = .04) in a multivariate analysis. It was also associated with glucuronidation ratio (SN-38G area under the curve [AUC]/SN-38 AUC) and biliary index (irinotecan AUC) X (SN-38 AUC/SN-38G AUC). Haplotype I (all the reference sequence alleles but UGT1A9*22) was a predictor of severe hematologic toxicity during the entire course of therapy (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.82; P = .01), together with sex (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.01 to 4.28; P = .05). In addition to UGT1A1*28, haplotype II (all the variant alleles but UGT1A9*22) was associated with a response rate (OR, 8.61; 95% CI, 1.75 to 42.38; P = .01). UGT1A1*28 was the only marker associated with TTP. Conclusion: We propose that UGT1A variants additional to UGT1A1*28 might improve the prediction of the outcome of colorectal cancer patients treated with FOLFIRI. A UGT1A haplotype-based approach might be an efficacious strategy to achieve treatment individualization of FOLFIRI.

AB - Purpose: UGT1A1*28 is considered the main pharmacogenetic predictor of the toxicity outcome of irinotecan-treated patients. We evaluated the effect of other UGT1A variants and haplotypes involved in 7-ethyl-10- hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) glucuronidation on severe toxicity and efficacy of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI). Patients and Methods: In addition to UGT1A1*28, UGT1A1*60, UGT1A1*93, UGT1A7*3, and UGT1A9*22 were genotyped in 250 metastatic colorectal cancer patients, and associations with severe hematologic and nonhematologic toxicity, objective response, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival were evaluated. In a subset of 71 patients, pharmacokinetic data were also available. Results: UGT1A7*3 was the only marker of severe hematologic toxicity after the first cycle (odds ratio [OR], 3.94; 95% CI, 1.05 to 14.82; P = .04) in a multivariate analysis. It was also associated with glucuronidation ratio (SN-38G area under the curve [AUC]/SN-38 AUC) and biliary index (irinotecan AUC) X (SN-38 AUC/SN-38G AUC). Haplotype I (all the reference sequence alleles but UGT1A9*22) was a predictor of severe hematologic toxicity during the entire course of therapy (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.82; P = .01), together with sex (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.01 to 4.28; P = .05). In addition to UGT1A1*28, haplotype II (all the variant alleles but UGT1A9*22) was associated with a response rate (OR, 8.61; 95% CI, 1.75 to 42.38; P = .01). UGT1A1*28 was the only marker associated with TTP. Conclusion: We propose that UGT1A variants additional to UGT1A1*28 might improve the prediction of the outcome of colorectal cancer patients treated with FOLFIRI. A UGT1A haplotype-based approach might be an efficacious strategy to achieve treatment individualization of FOLFIRI.

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U2 - 10.1200/JCO.2008.19.0314

DO - 10.1200/JCO.2008.19.0314

M3 - Article

C2 - 19364970

AN - SCOPUS:66349133649

VL - 27

SP - 2457

EP - 2465

JO - Journal of Clinical Oncology

JF - Journal of Clinical Oncology

SN - 0732-183X

IS - 15

ER -