Purpose: UGT1A1*28 is considered the main pharmacogenetic predictor of the toxicity outcome of irinotecan-treated patients. We evaluated the effect of other UGT1A variants and haplotypes involved in 7-ethyl-10- hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) glucuronidation on severe toxicity and efficacy of fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI). Patients and Methods: In addition to UGT1A1*28, UGT1A1*60, UGT1A1*93, UGT1A7*3, and UGT1A9*22 were genotyped in 250 metastatic colorectal cancer patients, and associations with severe hematologic and nonhematologic toxicity, objective response, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival were evaluated. In a subset of 71 patients, pharmacokinetic data were also available. Results: UGT1A7*3 was the only marker of severe hematologic toxicity after the first cycle (odds ratio [OR], 3.94; 95% CI, 1.05 to 14.82; P = .04) in a multivariate analysis. It was also associated with glucuronidation ratio (SN-38G area under the curve [AUC]/SN-38 AUC) and biliary index (irinotecan AUC) X (SN-38 AUC/SN-38G AUC). Haplotype I (all the reference sequence alleles but UGT1A9*22) was a predictor of severe hematologic toxicity during the entire course of therapy (OR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.19 to 0.82; P = .01), together with sex (OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.01 to 4.28; P = .05). In addition to UGT1A1*28, haplotype II (all the variant alleles but UGT1A9*22) was associated with a response rate (OR, 8.61; 95% CI, 1.75 to 42.38; P = .01). UGT1A1*28 was the only marker associated with TTP. Conclusion: We propose that UGT1A variants additional to UGT1A1*28 might improve the prediction of the outcome of colorectal cancer patients treated with FOLFIRI. A UGT1A haplotype-based approach might be an efficacious strategy to achieve treatment individualization of FOLFIRI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research