Predictive validity of the Italian parental questionnaire for developmental evaluation at age 4 (QS4-G)

Francesca Bevilacqua, Patrizia Giannantoni, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Vincenzo M. Di Ciommo, Maria Franca Coletti, Lucilla Ravà, Maria Cristina Caselli, Anna Maria Dall'Oglio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim To examine whether the results at 4 years of age of the developmental questionnaire QS4-G can predict the outcome of cognitive, neuropsychological and academic abilities 4-6 years later. The QS4-G is a validated parental questionnaire designed for the screening and surveillance of the neuropsychological and behavioural developmental status of 4-year-olds (93 questions). Methods Longitudinal prospective study on a subsample of the QS4-G validation original sample was conducted. According to previous results, the sample was divided into two groups: 'at risk' and 'not at risk'. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and likelihood ratios were assessed and referred to outcomes. Results Thirty-five children were classified as 'not at risk' and 16 as 'at risk'. There were significant associations between past QS4-G score and cognitive, neuropsychological and academic abilities 4-6 years later. With the same cut-off identified at the first cross-sectional study, sensitivity and specificity for difficulties in cognitive development were 90% and 83% while in the neuropsychological abilities 62% and 90%, respectively. A lower predictive validity was found for difficulties in academic abilities (sensitivity 43%, specificity 86%). QS4-G specific area scores showed significant correlations with related academic tests at follow-up (rho range: 0.404-0.565, P <0.005). Conclusions QS4-G shows good predictive validity for cognitive development and neuropsychological abilities. The risk of false negatives for academic abilities can be reduced by analysing the specific area results of QS4-G, which show good correlations with related tests at follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-607
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

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Sensitivity and Specificity
Longitudinal Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • neuropsychological development
  • parental questionnaire
  • predictive validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Predictive validity of the Italian parental questionnaire for developmental evaluation at age 4 (QS4-G). / Bevilacqua, Francesca; Giannantoni, Patrizia; Pasqualetti, Patrizio; Di Ciommo, Vincenzo M.; Coletti, Maria Franca; Ravà, Lucilla; Caselli, Maria Cristina; Dall'Oglio, Anna Maria.

In: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, Vol. 51, No. 6, 01.06.2015, p. 600-607.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bevilacqua, F, Giannantoni, P, Pasqualetti, P, Di Ciommo, VM, Coletti, MF, Ravà, L, Caselli, MC & Dall'Oglio, AM 2015, 'Predictive validity of the Italian parental questionnaire for developmental evaluation at age 4 (QS4-G)', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 600-607. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpc.12784
Bevilacqua, Francesca ; Giannantoni, Patrizia ; Pasqualetti, Patrizio ; Di Ciommo, Vincenzo M. ; Coletti, Maria Franca ; Ravà, Lucilla ; Caselli, Maria Cristina ; Dall'Oglio, Anna Maria. / Predictive validity of the Italian parental questionnaire for developmental evaluation at age 4 (QS4-G). In: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2015 ; Vol. 51, No. 6. pp. 600-607.
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AU - Pasqualetti, Patrizio

AU - Di Ciommo, Vincenzo M.

AU - Coletti, Maria Franca

AU - Ravà, Lucilla

AU - Caselli, Maria Cristina

AU - Dall'Oglio, Anna Maria

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N2 - Aim To examine whether the results at 4 years of age of the developmental questionnaire QS4-G can predict the outcome of cognitive, neuropsychological and academic abilities 4-6 years later. The QS4-G is a validated parental questionnaire designed for the screening and surveillance of the neuropsychological and behavioural developmental status of 4-year-olds (93 questions). Methods Longitudinal prospective study on a subsample of the QS4-G validation original sample was conducted. According to previous results, the sample was divided into two groups: 'at risk' and 'not at risk'. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and likelihood ratios were assessed and referred to outcomes. Results Thirty-five children were classified as 'not at risk' and 16 as 'at risk'. There were significant associations between past QS4-G score and cognitive, neuropsychological and academic abilities 4-6 years later. With the same cut-off identified at the first cross-sectional study, sensitivity and specificity for difficulties in cognitive development were 90% and 83% while in the neuropsychological abilities 62% and 90%, respectively. A lower predictive validity was found for difficulties in academic abilities (sensitivity 43%, specificity 86%). QS4-G specific area scores showed significant correlations with related academic tests at follow-up (rho range: 0.404-0.565, P <0.005). Conclusions QS4-G shows good predictive validity for cognitive development and neuropsychological abilities. The risk of false negatives for academic abilities can be reduced by analysing the specific area results of QS4-G, which show good correlations with related tests at follow-up.

AB - Aim To examine whether the results at 4 years of age of the developmental questionnaire QS4-G can predict the outcome of cognitive, neuropsychological and academic abilities 4-6 years later. The QS4-G is a validated parental questionnaire designed for the screening and surveillance of the neuropsychological and behavioural developmental status of 4-year-olds (93 questions). Methods Longitudinal prospective study on a subsample of the QS4-G validation original sample was conducted. According to previous results, the sample was divided into two groups: 'at risk' and 'not at risk'. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and likelihood ratios were assessed and referred to outcomes. Results Thirty-five children were classified as 'not at risk' and 16 as 'at risk'. There were significant associations between past QS4-G score and cognitive, neuropsychological and academic abilities 4-6 years later. With the same cut-off identified at the first cross-sectional study, sensitivity and specificity for difficulties in cognitive development were 90% and 83% while in the neuropsychological abilities 62% and 90%, respectively. A lower predictive validity was found for difficulties in academic abilities (sensitivity 43%, specificity 86%). QS4-G specific area scores showed significant correlations with related academic tests at follow-up (rho range: 0.404-0.565, P <0.005). Conclusions QS4-G shows good predictive validity for cognitive development and neuropsychological abilities. The risk of false negatives for academic abilities can be reduced by analysing the specific area results of QS4-G, which show good correlations with related tests at follow-up.

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