Predictive value of clinic and ambulatory heart rate for mortality in elderly subjects with systolic hypertension

Paolo Palatini, Lutgarde Thijs, Jan A. Staessen, Robert H. Fagard, Christopher J. Bulpitt, Denis L. Clement, Peter W. De Leeuw, Matti Jaaskivi, Gastone Leonetti, Choudomir Nachev, Eoin T. O'Brien, Gianfranco Parati, José L. Rodicio, Elisabetta Roman, Cinzia Sarti, Jaakko Tuomilehto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To examine the association of clinic and ambulatory heart rate with total, cardiovascular, and noncardiovascular death in a cohort of elderly subjects with isolated systolic hypertension from the Systolic Hypertension in Europe Trial. Methods: A total of 4682 patients participated, whose untreated blood pressure on conventional measurement at baseline was 160 to 219 mm Hg systolic and lower than 95 mm Hg diastolic. Clinic heart rate was the mean of 6 readings during 3 visits. Ambulatory heart rate was recorded with a portable intermittent technique in 807 subjects. Results: Raised baseline clinic heart rate was positively associated with a worse prognosis for total, cardiovascular, and noncardiovascular mortality among the 2293 men and women taking placebo. Subjects with heart rates higher than 79 beats/min (bpm) (top quintile) had a 1.89 times greater risk of mortality than subjects with heart rate lower than or equal to 79 bpm (95% confidence interval, 1.33-2.68 bpm). In a Cox regression analysis, predictors of time to death were heart rate (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2313-2321
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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