Predictive value of intraoperative 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence for detecting bone invasion in meningioma surgery: Clinical article

Alessandro Della Puppa, Oriela Rustemi, Giorgio Gioffrè, Irene Troncon, Giuseppe Lombardi, Giuseppe Rolma, Massimo Sergi, Marina Munari, Diego Cecchin, Marina Paola Gardiman, Renato Scienza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Object. Bone invasion is a major concern in meningioma surgery, since it is predictive of the recurrence of cranial involvement, morbidity, and mortality. Bone invasion has been reported in 20%-68% of studies with histopathologically confirmed data. Unfortunately, radical resection of bone invasion remains challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the role of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence in guiding the resection of bone-invading meningiomas. To this purpose, the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 5-ALA in detecting meningioma bone invasion were evaluated. Methods. Data from 12 patients affected by bone-invading meningiomas (7 with skull base and 5 with convexity meningiomas) who had undergone surgery with the assistance of 5-ALA fluorescence and neuronavigation between July 2012 and March 2013 at the Department of Neurosurgery of Padua were retrospectively analyzed. To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of 5-ALA fluorescence in detecting meningioma tissue, a pathologist analyzed 98 surgical bone samples under blue light, according to different fluorescence patterns. Magnetic resonance images and CT scans were obtained pre- and postoperatively to determine the extent of bone invasion resection. Results. The rate of 5-ALA-induced fluorescence of both tumor and bone invasion was 100%. Based on the pathological examination of bone specimens, 5-ALA presented a sensitivity of 89.06% (95% CI 81.41%-96.71%) and a specificity of 100% in detecting meningioma bone invasion, while the positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 82.93% (95% CI 71.41%-94.45%), respectively. At the postoperative stage, MRI did not detect cases of meningioma bone invasion, whereas CT scans revealed residual hyperostosis in 2 cases. Conclusions. In summary, 5-ALA fluorescence represents a suitable and reliable technique for identifying and removing bone infiltration by meningiomas. However, further studies are needed to prove the clinical consequences of this promising technique in a larger population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)840-845
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume120
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • 5-ALA
  • 5-aminolevulinic acid fluorescence
  • Hyperostosis
  • Intracranial meningioma
  • Meningioma bone invasion
  • Microsurgery
  • Oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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    Puppa, A. D., Rustemi, O., Gioffrè, G., Troncon, I., Lombardi, G., Rolma, G., Sergi, M., Munari, M., Cecchin, D., Gardiman, M. P., & Scienza, R. (2014). Predictive value of intraoperative 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence for detecting bone invasion in meningioma surgery: Clinical article. Journal of Neurosurgery, 120(4), 840-845. https://doi.org/10.3171/2013.12.JNS131642