Predictors of long-term success during closed-chest catheter ablation of the atrioventricular junction

R. Lemery, P. Brugada, P. Della Bella, T. Dugernier, K. Den Dulk, M. Talajic, L. Van Wijk, H. J J Wellens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The predictors of long-term success during closed-chest catheter ablation of the atrioventricular junction remain unclear. Catheter ablation was performed in 32 consecutive patients, 18 male and 14 female, mean age 57 years, with intractable supraventricular tachycardia, in spite of a mean of 4.9 antiarrhythmic drugs. Duration of symptoms averaged 9.2 years, and the mean heart rate during tachycardia was 180 beats min-1. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation or flutter was the presenting arrhythmia in 23 patients, intranodal tachycardia in four patients, and reciprocating tachycardia using an accessory pathway in five patients. There were no immediate complications, and 29 patients received a permanent transvenous pacemaker.A total of 94 shocks of 300 J (in 94% of cases) were given, (mean 2.96 shocks per patient). Chronic complete heart block was produced after one shock in nine patients (28%), and after two or more shocks (mean 3.3 ±1.1) in 13 patients. Modification of conduction was seen in four patients (12%). Failure to achieve any improvement of symptoms occurred in six patients (19%). There was no significant difference between the amplitude of atrial and His electrograms between patients who had complete heart block after one shock and those in whom conduction persisted. Catheter ablation was successful in 92% of patients who were given five shocks or less, but in only one of five patients (20%) who received six or more shocks. During a mean follow-up of 12 months, no patient with successful ablation during the first 24 h after catheter ablation resumed conduction or had recurrent symptomatic supraventricular tachycardia.We conclude that catheter ablation of the atrioventricular junction is effective in approximately 80% of ' patients. The only reliable predictor of long-term success was the continued presence of complete heart block 24 h following catheter ablation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)826-832
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume10
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1989

Keywords

  • Antiarrhythmic treatment
  • Catheter ablation
  • Supraventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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