Predictors of Mortality in Patients with COPD and Chronic Respiratory Failure: The Quality-of-Life Evaluation and Survival Study (QuESS): A Three-Year Study

Mauro Carone, Sabina Antoniu, Paola Baiardi, Vincenzo S. Digilio, Paul W. Jones, Giorgio Bertolotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies sought to identify survival or outcome predictors in patients with COPD and chronic respiratory failure, but their findings are inconsistent. We identified mortality-associated factors in a prospective study in 21 centers in 7 countries. Follow-up data were available in 221 patients on home mechanical ventilation and/or long-term oxygen therapy. Measurements: diagnosis, co-morbidities, medication, oxygen therapy, mechanical ventilation, pulmonary function, arterial blood gases, exercise performance were recorded. Health status was assessed using the COPD-specific SGRQ and the respiratory-failure-specific MRF26 questionnaires. Date and cause of death were recorded in those who died. Overall mortality was 19.5%. The commonest causes of death were related to the underlying respiratory diseases. At baseline, patients who subsequently died were older than survivors (p = 0.03), had a lower forced vital capacity (p = 0.03), a higher use of oxygen at rest (p = 0.003) and a worse health status (SGRQ and MRF26, both p = 0.02). Longitudinal analyses over a follow-up period of 3 years showed higher median survival times in patients with use of oxygen at rest less than 1.75 l/min and with a better health status. In contrast, an increase from baseline levels of 1 liter in O2 flow at rest, 1 unit in SGRQ or MRF26, or 1 year increase in age resulted in an increase of mortality of 68%, 2.4%, 1.3%, and 6%, respectively. In conclusion, the need for oxygen at rest, and health status assessment seems to be the strongest predictors of mortality in COPD patients with chronic respiratory failure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCOPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • chronic
  • COPD
  • health status
  • mortality determinants
  • quality of life
  • respiratory failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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